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NIPP: Resources for State and Local Partners

Critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) protection programs are important to implementing the principles and programmatic activities outlined in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP). State and local officials and regional organizations play a vital role in leading or supporting their CIKR protection programs and in the overall implementation of the NIPP. These CIKR partners provide jurisdictional focus, facilitate bottom-up information sharing and collaboration, and enable cross-sector coordination by applying the NIPP risk management framework across the CIKR sectors represented in their communities.

Roles and responsibilities of CIKR partners differ by state and region, depending on a number of factors, such as:

  • The authorities supporting each agency involved
  • The ways in which homeland security and infrastructure protection are addressed, managed, and funded in each area, and
  • Whether the area of concern crosses state or international borders.

Despite these differences, it is important that the management processes established at the state or regional level be well-defined and specific to ensure that states and localities can meet their responsibilities under the NIPP.

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CIKR Protection at the State, Regional, Local, Tribal and Territorial Level

Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Protection at the State, Regional, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Level

To assist our partners, the Department of Homeland Security, in coordination with the State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Government Coordinating Council, developed “A Guide to Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources Protection at the State, Regional, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Level.” (PDF, 100 pges - 4.07 MB). This document suggests various strategies and approaches for each jurisdiction to consider or combine to best suit their specific needs, operating environments, and risk landscapes.

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State and Local Implementation of the NIPP

In accordance with the NIPP, as well as the requirements identified in the Homeland Security Grant Program, state governments are responsible for developing, implementing, and sustaining a statewide/regional CIKR protection program. The processes necessary to implement the NIPP risk management framework at the state and/or regional level, including urban areas, should become a component of the state’s overarching homeland security program.  Download the State and Local Implementation Snapshot (PDF, 2 pages - 210 KB).

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