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Privacy Documents for the Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate

DHS/S&T/PIA-001(a) - Border Network and Northeast Test Bed (formerly BTSNet)

Border Network and Northeast Test Bed (formerly BTSNet), August 23, 2012 (PDF, 8 pages, 298KB).  The Border Network (BorderNet) (formerly named the Border and Transportation Security Network, or BTSNet) is a technology test bed developed and maintained by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) located at the United States-Mexico border.  The purpose of the test bed is to test and evaluate technologies in an operational environment that assist DHS Customs and Border Protection (CBP) field agents in securing our nation’s borders.  S&T is updating the initial Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) (published January 2006) to reflect the addition of the mobile enrollment technology and surveillance cameras, and the deployment of an additional test bed site at the United States-Canada border, called Northeast Test Bed (NET-B).

DHS/S&T/PIA-005 - Project Hostile Intent Technology

Project Hostile Intent Technology, February 25, 2008, (PDF, 12 Pages - 211 KB). Project Hostile Intent (PHI) is a research effort by the Science and Technology Directorate to ascertain whether screening technology can aid DHS screeners in making better decisions by supplementing the current screening process (wherein a human screener evaluates an individual's behavior) with training and computers. This Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) addresses privacy impacts of this program, and specifically, the temporary storage of video images during field tests of PHI's performance with real behavioral data to ensure that it is effective in a "real world" environment.

DHS/S&T/PIA-006 - Protected Repository for the Defense of Infrastructure Against Cyber Threats (PREDICT)

Protected Repository for the Defense of Infrastructure Against Cyber Threats (PREDICT), February 25, 2008 (PDF, 36 Pages - 363 KB) The Science & Technology Directorate's Protected Repository for the Defense of Infrastructure Against Cyber Threats (PREDICT) system is a repository of test datasets of Internet traffic data that is made available to approved researchers and managed by an outside contractor serving as the PREDICT Coordination Center (PCC). The goal of PREDICT is to create a national research and development (R&D) resource to bridge the gap between (a) the producers of security-relevant network operations data and (b) technology developers and evaluators who can use this data to accelerate the design, production, and evaluation of next-generation cyber security solutions, including commercial products. A key motivation of PREDICT is to make these data sources more widely available to technology developers and evaluators, who are currently forced to base the efficacy of their technical solutions on old, irrelevant traffic data, anecdotal evidence, or small-scale test experiments, rather than on more comprehensive, real-world data analysis.

DHS/S&T/PIA-007 - Violent Intent Modeling (VIMS) Program

Violent Intent Modeling (VIMS) Program, April 25, 2008 (PDF, 15 pages - 176 KB ) This Privacy Impact Assessment describes the research and development objectives of the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate's Human Factors Division Violent Intent Modeling System (VIMS). The goal of VIMS is to determine whether including social and behavioral theories and concepts (from established research) in a software tool that is used to analyze group behaviors and motivations will improve the ability of analysts to identify indicators that could predict group violence. The project will develop a social and behaviorally based framework of theories and concepts that includes modeling and simulation tools to improve the efficiency and accuracy of analysts examining the likelihood of a group choosing violence to achieve its goals. This PIA is necessary because personally identifiable information will be collected as part of the research and development effort.

DHS/S&T/PIA-008(c) - Facial Recognition Data Collection Project Update

Facial Recognition Data Collection Project, September 16, 2013, PDF 7 pages, 231 KB.  S&T’s Resilient Systems Division has funded Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to perform a face video data collection at the Toyota Center in Kennewick, WA.  S&T conducted this PIA to address privacy concerns raised by the collection and use of facial recognition data.

DHS/S&T/PIA-012(a) - Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST)/ Passive Methods for Precision Behavioral Screening

Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST) Passive Methods for Precision Behavioral Screening, December 21, 2011 (PDF, 7 Pages - 191 KB )The Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST) project, managed by the Human Factors/Behavioral Sciences Division (HFD), Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA), Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) seeks to develop physiological and behavioral screening technologies that will enable security officials to test the effectiveness of current screening methods at evaluating suspicious behaviors and judging the implications of those behaviors. The FAST research is adding a new type of research, the Passive Methods for Precision Behavioral Screening (hereinafter FAST/Passive). The purpose of the FAST/Passive study is to build upon existing FAST research using volunteers and increase the performance of FAST primary screening procedures and to increase the ability to differentiate malintent through the inclusion of passive stimuli. The aim of the FAST/Passive study is to devise passive stimuli that will evoke malintent cues and incorporate these stimuli into the FAST screening project. The ultimate goal of the FAST screening project after the testing has been completed is to equip security officials with quantitative tools to rapidly assess potential and unknown threats.

DHS/S&T/PIA-013 - Security and Video Quality for the Public Safety Statement of Requirements Project

Security and Video Quality for the Public Safety Statement of Requirements Project, April 1, 2009 (PDF, 15 Pages - 207 KB) The Security and Video Quality for the Public Safety Statement of Requirements (SoR) project is a research and development effort funded by the Department of Homeland Security's Science & Technology (S&T) Directorate. S&T is funding Noblis Inc., a nonprofit science and technology organization, through a cooperative agreement to conduct several research efforts, one of which is to examine facial recognition requirements in emergency response operations. S&T is conducting a Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) because research staff will use images collected from individuals during this research project. This PIA will only cover the research and testing activities conducted during this project.

DHS/S&T/PIA-014 - FireGround Compass

FireGround Compass, April 1, 2009 (PDF, 14 Pages - 198 KB) The Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) TechSolutions Program contracted with G&H International Services, Inc. to perform operational testing and evaluations on the FireGround Compass for first responder firefighter applications. Halcyon Products designed the FireGround Compass, a navigational device that helps firefighters reestablish their orientation within a burning or smoke-filled building should they become lost or disoriented. The purpose of this project was to test the features, functions, and operational readiness of the FireGround Compass through human testing of the equipment. S&T conducted a PIA for this project because G&H International collected the personally identifiable information (PII) of firefighter volunteers during the testing of the device.

DHS/S&T/PIA-015 - Comparative Case Studies of Radical Rhetoric

Comparative Case Studies of Radical Rhetoric, July 9, 2009 (PDF, 14 Pages - 170 KB) Comparative Case Studies of Radical Rhetoric is a research effort funded by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Directorate of Science and Technology (S&T), Human Factors/Behavioral Sciences Division (HFD). The goal of the research project is to determine whether various characteristics of the rhetoric expressed by groups are related to the groups' likelihood of engaging in violent extremist activity. S&T is conducting a PIA because researchers will collect personally identifiable information during this research effort.

DHS/S&T/PIA-016 - Critical Infrastructure Change Detection (CICD)

Critical Infrastructure Change Detection (CICD), September 4, 2009 (PDF, 22 pages - 275 KB) The Critical Infrastructure Change Detection (CICD) program (also known as the Wide Area Surveillance program) is a DHS Science and Technology (S&T) research program that is examining novel technical approaches to provide wide area surveillance and change detection capabilities to protect the Nation's critical infrastructure. S&T proposes to test a high resolution, 360 degree field-of-view video system that will accommodate multiple simultaneous users and also have change detection and tracking capabilities. A PIA is being conducted because system demonstrations will be performed in public areas within major US cities and will involve capturing images of persons and textual information in the public space.

DHS/S&T/PIA-017 - Sensor Web

Sensor Web, January 20, 2010, (PDF, 23 pages - 193 KB) The Sensor Web project is a research and development effort funded by DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) Office of Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) that seeks to develop and test the effectiveness of a smart sensor system for potential law enforcement and first responder applications. The technologies being tested - video recording technology and analytic tools to interpret and process that video - are technologies that potentially impact the privacy of individuals, both during the tests and in future live settings. This PIA contemplates the immediate privacy impacts of conducting the tests as well as the more general privacy impacts of the technology itself.

DHS/S&T/PIA-018 - First Responder Technologies (R-Tech) Program

First Responder Technologies (R-Tech) Program, May 13, 2010 (PDF, 14 pages - 203 KB) The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) First Responder Technologies (R-Tech) program often requires the collection of personal information and video recordings of first responder research volunteers in support of operational testing, evaluation, demonstration, and outreach activities. This privacy impact assessment (PIA) discusses the risks associated with the use of volunteers to test first responder technologies that are otherwise not privacy sensitive.

DHS/S&T/PIA-019 - Iris and Face Technology Demonstration and Evaluation (IFTDE)

Iris and Face Technology Demonstration and Evaluation (IFTDE) August 12, 2010 (PDF, 15 pages – 195 KB) As part of its Multi-Modal Biometrics Projects, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science & Technology (S&T) Directorate and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are investigating iris recognition as a promising biometric modality that may become suitable to support DHS operations in the near future. As iris recognition technologies mature, it is important to understand the capabilities and limitations of the technologies in operational settings, as well as what additional technology development is necessary to reduce technical risk in potential future acquisitions by DHS operational components. The purpose of this evaluation of iris recognition technologies is to conduct field trials/studies of iris camera prototypes under conditions and environments of relevance (e.g., humidity levels, amount of sunlight, etc) to DHS operational users to assess the viability of the technology and its potential operational effectiveness in support of DHS operations. S&T is conducting a PIA because biometric information is being collected from individuals detained in an operational setting.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-020 - Research Projects Involving Volunteers

Research Projects Involving Volunteers November 23, 2010 (PDF, 20 pages – 277 KB) An integral part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate's (S&T) mission is to conduct research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E) on technologies or topics related to improving homeland security and combating terrorism. Some S&T RDT&E activities use volunteers to test, evaluate, provide feedback, or otherwise collect data on certain research topics, technologies, equipment, and capabilities related to S&T's mission. Volunteer RDT&E activities require the collection of a range of information from volunteers including work experience, biographic data and images. RDT&E activities will vary in the types and breadth of data elements and information collected from volunteers. S&T is conducting this Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) to establish protections for all volunteer S&T RTD&E activities. Volunteer RDT&E activities that are covered by the PIA are listed in the appendix, updated periodically.

DHS/S&T/PIA-021 - Cell All

Cell All March 2, 2011 (PDF, 7 pages – 170 KB) The Cell All project is a research, development, testing and evaluation effort funded by the Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA) in the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T). Cell All is an environmental surveillance system that uses a typical cell phone as a platform for a sensor system to detect harmful chemical substances and transmit critical information, including location data, to first responder and other related monitoring agencies. With the sensors suite developed and fitted on a cell phone, S&T will conduct a demonstration of the prototype system using research-owned devices. While no personally identifiable information will be collected during the demonstration, S&T is conducting a PIA to address the privacy impact of the transmission of location data using the prototype.

DHS/S&T/PIA-022 - Biodefense Knowledge Management System

Biodefense Knowledge Management System (BKMS) May 4, 2011 (PDF, 21 pages - 262 KB) The Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate’s (DHS S&T) Biodefense Knowledge Center (BKC) developed and operates the Biodefense Knowledge Management System (BKMS).  The current generation of the BKMS, version 1.0, enables approved users to access and analyze biological sciences topics and related biodefense information to assist with their efforts to better understand or characterize biological threats, by offering an integrated suite of tools for managing and indexing scientific documents and information.  In BKMS 2.0, S&T intends to add a component to the system to include data derived from the intelligence community (IC) and law enforcement (LE)-sensitive data. S&T is conducting this Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) because such an addition will allow for a new function of the system for selected BKMS users, who are authorized to explore IC/LE data (which may contain personally identifiable information (PII)).

DHS/S&T/PIA-023 - Biometrics Access Control System at the Transportation Security Lab

Biometrics Access Control System at the Transportation Security Lab July 1, 2011 (PDF, 12 pages –  172 KB) The Biometrics Access Control System is a building facilities access control system used at the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate’s Transportation Security Lab. The system relies on biometrics (fingerprint and iris recognition) to enhance the physical security of the lab and provides a demonstration of advanced technologies. The S&T TSL is conducting a Privacy Impact Assessment because personally identifiable information is collected during the testing and operational use of this system.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-024 - Rapid DNA System

Rapid DNA System, February 8, 2013, (PDF, 8 pages, 250 KB). S&T developed the Rapid Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) System primarily to meet a need to verify family relationships (kinship) in refugee immigration processes.  The Rapid DNA System performs rapid, low-cost DNA analysis to meet this need and may also address operational needs of DHS components. S&T is conducting this PIA because the collection and analysis of DNA information raises potential privacy impacts and concerns.

DHS/S&T/PIA-025 - Gaming System Monitoring and Analysis Effort

Gaming System Monitoring and Analysis Effort, October 11, 2012 (PDF, 7 pages, 157 KB).  The Gaming System Monitoring and Analysis project is a research effort funded by DHS Science and Technology Directorate Cyber Security Division (CSD) to design and develop forensic tools for extracting data from gaming systems.  S&T is conducting a Privacy Impact Assessment because gaming systems used in this research project may contain PII.

DHS/S&T/PIA-026 Robotic Aircraft for Public Safety (RAPS) Project

Robotic Aircraft for Public Safety (RAPS) Project, November 16, 2012 (PDF, 8 pages, 171 KB).  DHS’ S&T Directorate and the State of Oklahoma are partnering on the Robotic Aircraft for Public Safety (RAPS) project to test and evaluate Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (SUAS) for potential use by the first responder community and DHS operational components. SUAS include small aircraft that are operated using a wireless ground control station (GCS). The aircraft are equipped with sensors and cameras that can capture images and transmit them to a ground control system to provide aerial views of emergency situations and situational awareness. DHS S&T is conducting a Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) to address the privacy impacts of the system’s surveillance and image capturing capabilities.

 

Retired PIAs

DHS/S&T/PIA-002 S&T Staff Management System, February 22, 2006 (PDF, 14 pages - 220KB). The purpose of S&T Staff Management System is to, maintain information regarding DHS S&T staffing positions, the details regarding DHS S&T Staff, and resources used by S&T Staff such as offices and government issued equipment. The system will assist in developing workforce plans, facilities plans, equipment acquisition plans, and future-year budgets.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-003 Science and Technology's Rail Security Pilot Study Phase II, July 12, 2006 (PDF, 32 pages - 346 KB) The RSP objective is to develop a credible "response package" that could be quickly and efficiently implemented in response to an event or as the result of intelligence indicating a possible threat exists where explosives would be used in a commuter rail or mass transit venue. The RSP is divided into two phases. Phase I, conducted in February 2006, did not require the collection of personally identifiable information and evaluated existing countermeasures using aviation security methods that could be implemented immediately. Phase II is evaluating emerging technologies with varying technological maturity.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-004 Science and Technology's DisasterHelp.gov, December 19, 2006, (PDF, 24 pages - 297 KB). The DisasterHelp.Gov (DHelp) website or web portal is operated by the Science and Technology Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security. It is intended to assist political and civil service leadership, emergency managers, homeland security advisors, and first responders in the execution of their disaster management responsibilities. The information on this website will be used to enhance disaster management on an interagency and intergovernmental basis by helping users find information and services. The types of personally identifiable information used will include contact information for these individuals. The collection of this personally identifiable information is the reason for this privacy impact assessment.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-009 RealEyes Project, July 21, 2008 (PDF, 21 Pages - 355 KB) RealEyes is a research and development project in the DHS Science & Technology Directorate (S&T) that seeks to test the operational effectiveness and efficiency of streaming video for first responders and law enforcement applications. RealEyes is a prototype software system that would allow first responders and law enforcement officials equipped with Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) to send and receive live video and geospatial coordinates, view video from fixed or mobile cameras, and receive data (video, photos and text) from a field command post using basic cellular technology. S&T is conducting a PIA because a planned phase of technology testing may involve incidentally capturing images of individuals who are not volunteer participants in the research effort. This PIA covers only the activities conducted during the testing phase of the RealEyes project. If the RealEyes technology is deployed into operational use, the DHS Component implementing the technology will be responsible for completing any subsequent privacy assessments of the RealEyes technology and its use.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-010 Keeping Schools Safe, October 1, 2008 (PDF, 21 pages - 289 KB ). Keeping Schools Safe is a research and development effort funded by the DHS Science & Technology Directorate (S&T) in support of the Alabama State Department of Homeland Security. The purpose of this pilot is to test the functionality and clarity of live streaming video technology for first responders and law enforcement applications in a school environment. A PIA is being conducted because images of individuals (volunteer Alabama law enforcement officials) will be captured during the field test. This PIA will only cover the research activities being conducted on behalf of S&T during this operational field test.

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DHS/S&T/PIA-011 Reality Mobile Kentucky: Operational Field Test, October 24, 2008 (PDF, 20 Pages -334 KB ). The Reality Mobile Kentucky project is a research and development effort in the DHS Science & Technology Directorate (S&T) that seeks to test the operational effectiveness and efficiency of streaming video for law enforcement applications. Reality Mobile software is a commercially available software-driven system that would allow first responders and law enforcement officials to send and receive live video and geospatial coordinates. S&T is conducting this PIA because the Kentucky State Police will capture images of individuals during the field test in accordance with their law enforcement authorities, standard operating procedures, and applicable state and local laws. This PIA covers only the research activities conducted by S&T during this operational field test. Should S&T acquire the technology and transition it to a DHS Component, that DHS Component will be responsible for completing the subsequent privacy assessments of the Reality Mobile technology and its use.

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