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Science & Technology Standards

Standards for Personal Protective Gear for First Responders

ANSI/ISEA 105-2005, American National Standard for Hand Protection Selection Criteria

Provides guidance for selecting the correct gloves that will protect workers and assist employers in compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations.

ANSI/ISEA 107-2004, American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Headwear

Provides a uniform, authoritative guide for the design, performance specifications, and use of high-visibility and reflective apparel including vests, jackets, bib/jumpsuit coveralls, trousers and harnesses.

ANSI Z87.1-2003, American National Standard for Occupational and Educational Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices

Establishes performance criteria and testing requirements for devices used to protect the eyes and face from injuries from impact, non-ionizing radiation and chemical exposure in workplaces and schools.

ANSI Z89.1-2003, American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection

Provides performance and testing requirements for industrial helmets, commonly known as hard hats.

CBRN PAPR: NIOSH Statement of Standard for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (PAPR), 2006 Edition

Voluntary program for acceptance of applications for the testing and evaluation of powered air-purifying respirators (PAPR or PAPRS) for use against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) agents

NFPA 472: Standard for Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents, 2008 Edition

Identifies the minimum levels of competence required by responders to emergencies involving hazardous materials/weapons of mass destruction (WMD).

NFPA 473: Standard for Competencies for EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials/WMD Incidents, 2008 Edition

Identifies the levels of competence required of emergency medical services (EMS) personnel who respond to incidents involving hazardous materials or weapons of mass destruction (WMD). It specifically covers the requirements for basic life support and advanced life support personnel in the pre-hospital setting.

NFPA 1000: Standards for Fire Service Professional Qualifications Accreditation and Certification Systems, 2006 Edition

Establishes the minimum criteria for accrediting bodies; and for the assessment and validation of the process used to certify fire and related emergency response personnel to professional qualifications standards; and of non-engineering, fire-related, academic, degree-granting programs offered by institutions of higher education.

NFPA 1001: Standard for Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications, 2008 Edition

Identifies the minimum job performance requirements (JPRs) for career and volunteer fire fighters whose duties are primarily structural in nature.

NFPA 1002: Standard for Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications, 2003 Edition

Identifies the minimum job performance requirements for fire fighters who drive and operate fire apparatus, in both emergency and non-emergency situations.

NFPA 1006: Standard for Rescue Technician Professional Qualifications, 2003 Edition

Establishes the minimum job performance requirements necessary for fire service and other emergency response personnel who perform technical rescue operations.

NFPA 1021: Standard for Fire Office Professional Qualifications, 2003 Edition

Identifies the performance requirements necessary to perform the duties of a fire officer and specifically identifies four levels of progression.

NFPA 1500: Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 2007 Edition

Contains minimum requirements for a fire service–related occupational safety and health program.

NFPA 1582: Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments, 2007 Edition

Contains descriptive requirements for a comprehensive occupational medical program for fire departments.

NFPA 1851, Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Structural Fire Fighting Protective Ensembles, 2001 Edition

Specifies the minimum selection, care, and maintenance requirements for structural fire fighting protective ensembles, and the individual ensemble elements.

NFPA 1852, Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA), 2002 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the selection, care, and maintenance of open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and combination SCBA/SAR that are used for respiratory protection during fire fighting, rescue, and other hazardous operations.

NFPA 1901: Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, 2003 Edition

Defines the requirements for new automotive fire apparatus designed to be used under emergency conditions to transport personnel and equipment and to support the suppression of fires and mitigation of other hazardous situations.

NFPA 1906: Standard for Wildland Fire Apparatus, 2006 Edition

Defines the requirements for new automotive fire apparatus, including apparatus equipped with a slip-on fire-fighting module, designed primarily to support wildland fire suppression operations.

NFPA 1912: Standard for Fire Apparatus Refurbishing, 2006 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the refurbishing of automotive fire apparatus utilized for fire fighting and rescue operations, whether the refurbishing is done at the fire department or municipal maintenance facilities, or at the facilities of private contractors or apparatus manufacturers.

NFPA 1936: Standard on Powered Rescue Tools, 2005 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the design, performance, testing, and certification of powered rescue tool systems and the individual components of spreaders, rams, cutters, combination tools, power units, and power transmission cables, conduit, or hose.

NFPA 1951, Standard on Protective Ensemble for Technical Rescue Operations, 2007 Edition

Specifies the minimum design, performance, testing, and certification requirements for utility technical rescue, rescue and recovery technical rescue, and chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulate [also known as chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) technical rescue] protective ensembles for use by emergency services personnel during technical rescue incidents.

NFPA 1971, Standard on Protective Ensemble for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting, 2007 Edition

Specifies the minimum design, performance, and certification requirements, and test methods for structural protective ensembles that include protective coats, protective trousers, protective coveralls, helmets, gloves, footwear, and interface components.

NFPA 1975, Standard on Station/Work Uniforms for Fire and Emergency Services, 2004 Edition

Specifies requirements for the design, performance, testing, and certification of non-primary protective station/work uniforms and the individual garments comprising station/work uniforms.

NFPA 1976, Standard on Protective Ensemble for Proximity Fire Fighting

This standard has been withdrawn by the NFPA and material incorporated into NFPA 1971 Standard (2007 Edition).

NFPA 1981, Standard on Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) for Emergency Services, 2007 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the design, performance, testing, and certification of new compressed breathing air open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and compressed breathing air combination open-circuit self-contained breathing apparatus and supplied air respirators (SCBA/SARs) and for the replacement parts, components, and accessories for these respirators.

NFPA 1982, Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS), 2007 Edition

Covers minimum performance criteria, functioning, and test methods for Personal Alert Safety Systems to be used by fire fighters engaged in rescue, fire fighting, and other hazardous duties.

NFPA 1991, Standard on Vapor-Protective Ensembles for Hazardous Materials Emergencies, 2005 Edition

Specifies the minimum design, performance, certification, and documentation requirements; and test methods for vapor-protective ensembles and individual elements for chemical vapor protection; and additional optional criteria for chemical flash fire escape protection and liquefied gas protection.  Also specifies additional optional criteria for vapor-protective ensembles and individual elements that will provide protection from chemical and biological warfare agents and chemical and biological terrorism incidents.

NFPA 1992, Standard on Liquid Splash-Protective Ensembles and Clothing for Hazardous Materials Emergencies, 2005 Edition

Specifies minimum design, performance, certification, and documentation requirements; test methods for liquid splash-protective ensembles and liquid splash-protective clothing; and additional optional criteria for chemical flash fire protection.

NFPA 1994, Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to CBRN Terrorism Incidents, 2007 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the design, performance, testing, and certification of protective ensembles for fire and emergency services personnel operating at domestic terrorism incidents involving dual-use industrial chemicals, chemical terrorism agents, or biological terrorism agents. The intent is that the ensembles would be available in quantity, easily donned and used, and designed for single exposure use.

NFPA 1999, Standard on Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations, 2003 Edition

Specifies the minimum documentation, design, performance, testing, and certification requirements for new single-use and new multiple-use emergency medical protective clothing, including garments, gloves, footwear, and face protection devices, used by fire and emergency services personnel during emergency medical operations.

NFPA 2112, Standard on Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire, 2001 Edition

Specifies the minimum design, performance, and certification requirements, and test methods for new flash fire protective garments.

NFPA 2113, Standard on Selection, Care, Use, and Maintenance of Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire, 2001 Edition

Specifies the minimum requirements for the selection, care, use, and maintenance of flash fire protective garments meeting the requirements of NFPA 2112, Standard on Flash Fire Protective Garments or Industrial Personnel.

NIOSH Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Standard for Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (December 2001)

Establishes performance and design requirements to certify Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) for use in chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) exposures for use by emergency responders.

NIOSH Standard for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Full Facepiece Air Purifying Respirator (APR)**

Specifies minimum requirements to determine the effectiveness of full facepiece air purifying respirators (APR), commonly referred to as gas masks, used during entry into chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) atmospheres not immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH).

NIOSH Standard for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Air-Purifying Escape Respirator and CBRN Self-Contained Escape Respirator**

Specifies minimum requirements to determine the effectiveness of escape respirators that address CBRN materials identified as inhalation hazards from possible terrorist events for use by the general working population.

 

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Standards for Radiation and Nuclear Detection Equipment

Copies of the complete standards are available from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

ANSI N42.32: Performance Criteria for Alarming Personal Radiation Detectors for Homeland Security

Describes design and performance criteria along with testing methods for evaluating the performance of instruments for homeland security that are pocket sized and carried on the body for the purpose of detecting the presence and magnitude of radiation. This standard specifies the performance criteria for radiation detection and measurement instruments that may be used in a variety of environmental conditions. The performance criteria contained in this standard are meant to provide a means for verifying the capability of these instruments to reliably detect significant changes above background levels of radiation and alert the user to these changes.

ANSI N42.33: Portable Radiation Detection Instrumentation for Homeland Security

Establishes design and performance criteria, test and calibration requirements, and operating instruction requirements for portable radiation detection instruments. These instruments are used for detection and measurement of photon emitting radioactive substances for the purposes of detection and interdiction and hazard assessment. The informative annexes of this standard provide reference information.

ANSI N42.34: Performance Criteria for Hand-Held Instruments for the Detection and Identification of Radionuclides

Specifies general requirements and test procedures, radiation response requirements, and electrical, mechanical, and environmental requirements of instruments that can be used for homeland security applications to detect and identify radionuclides, for gamma dose rate measurement, and for indication of neutron radiation. Successful completion of the tests described in this standard should not be construed as an ability to successfully identify all isotopes in all environments.

ANSI N42.35: Evaluation and Performance of Radiation Detection Portal Monitors for Use in Homeland Security

Provides the testing and evaluation criteria for Radiation Detection Portal Monitors to detect radioactive materials that could be used for nuclear weapons or radiological dispersal devices (RDDs). Portal monitors may be used in permanent installations, in temporary installations for short-duration detection needs, or as a transportable system. These systems are used to provide monitoring of people, packages and vehicles to detect illicit radioactive material transportation, or for emergency response to an event that releases radioactive material.

ANSI/IEEE N42.37-2006, American National Standard for Training Requirements for Homeland Security Purposes Using Radiation Detection Instrumentation for Interdiction and Prevention

The scope of this standard describes requirements for training in the use of personal radiation detectors (see ANSI N42.321), portable radiation detection instruments (see ANSI N42.33), portable radionuclide identifiers (see ANSI N42.34), and portal radiation monitors (see ANSI N42.35). Other types of radiation detectors may be included in revisions of this standard as new equipment is developed. This standard provides training requirements for three identified and defined levels of training. Students who successfully complete training at the minimum requirements of this standard shall have a demonstrated competency appropriate for that training level. This includes a general understanding and background of the principles of ionizing radiation, radiation effects, and radiation detection. The individual user organizations should develop training programs with content specific to their organizations and requirements. Training for incident manager or incident commander and response post-identification of a radiation source are beyond the scope of this standard.

ANSI/IEEE N42.38-2006, American National Standard Performance Criteria for Spectroscopy-Based Portal Monitors Used for Homeland Security

This standard specifies the operational and performance requirements for spectroscopy-based portal monitors used in U.S. Homeland Security applications. Spectroscopy-based portal monitors have the ability to detect radioactivity and identify radionuclides that may be present in or on persons, vehicles, or containers through the use of gamma spectroscopy techniques.  Performance requirements for those portal monitors that do not provide information about the specific radionuclide present are addressed by ANSI N42.35.

ANSI/IEEE N42.41-2007, American National Standard Minimum Performance Criteria for Active Interrogation Systems Used for Homeland Security

This standard specifies the operational and performance requirements for active interrogation systems for use in homeland security applications. These systems employ penetrating ionizing radiation (e.g., neutrons, high-energy x-rays, gamma-rays) to detect and identify hidden chemical, nuclear, and explosive agents by detection of stimulated secondary radiations or by nuclear resonance contrast, giving elemental and/or nuclidic identification of the composition of the substances-of-interest. These inspection systems may be designed for open inspection zones of various sizes or for various sizes of containers such as small packages, briefcases, suitcases, air cargo containers, passenger vehicles, two-axle trucks, intermodal cargo containers, semi-trailers/tractor rigs, or rail cars. The systems may be designed for operation in indoor, outdoor, or mobile facilities.

ANSI/IEEE N42.42-2007, American National Standard Data Format Standard for Radiation Detectors Used for Homeland Security

This standard specifies the data format that shall be used for both required and optional data available at the output of radiation instruments for U.S. Homeland Security applications. The performance requirements for these types of instruments are described in other standards, such as ANSI N42.321, ANSI N42.33, ANSI N42.34, ANSI N42.35, and ANSI N42.38.

ANSI/IEEE N42.43-2006, American National Standard Performance Criteria for Mobile and Transportable Radiation Monitors Used for Homeland Security

This standard specifies the operational and performance requirements for transportable and/or mobile radiation monitors used in homeland security applications. Transportable radiation monitors are designed to be transported to a location and used for a specific task or for a specified period of time; they do not require permanent mounting platforms. Transportable monitors may be mounted to a vehicle such as a trailer, and are only used when the vehicle is stationary. Mobile monitors are those systems that are typically in operation on a platform that is in motion but that can also be used while stationary. These monitors may be mounted in vehicles, including water craft, towed systems, or those monitors mounted to cranes. Mobile monitors can also be those that are used while being carried by a person such as a backpack.

ANSI/IEEE N42.48-2008, American National Standard Performance Requirements for Spectroscopic Personal Radiation Detectors (SPRDs) for Homeland Security

This standard describes design and performance requirements along with testing methods for evaluating radiation detection instruments that are pocket-sized and worn on the body for the purpose of rapid detection and identification of radioactive materials.

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Standards for Incident Management

ANSI INCITS 415: Homeland Security Mapping Standard - Point Symbology for Emergency Management , 2006 Edition

Establishes a common set of symbols for use by mapmakers in support of emergency managers and first responders. It will allow users to rapidly interpret map data and to be able to disseminate consistent, usable information.  This National Standard is applicable to all organizations that create maps or otherwise display features for the Emergency Management or First Responder communities. It is limited at this time to support portrayal of point features that relate to the emergency management and hazard mapping disciplines.

CAP-V1.1: Common Alerting Protocol v1.1, 2005 Edition

Defines a simple but general format for exchanging all-hazard emergency alerts and public warnings over all kinds of networks.  CAP allows a consistent warning message to be disseminated simultaneously over many different warning systems, thus increasing warning effectiveness while simplifying the warning task.  CAP also facilitates the detection of emerging patterns in local warnings of various kinds, such as might indicate an undetected hazard or hostile act.  And CAP provides a template for effective warning messages based on best practices identified in academic research and real-world experience.

EDXL-DE v1.0: Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element, v 1.0, 2006 Edition

Describes a standard message distribution framework for data sharing among emergency information systems using the XML-based Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL). This format may be used over any data transmission system, including but not limited to the SOAP HTTP binding.

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Standards for Biometrics

INCITS 385: Face Recognition Format for Data Interchange, 2004 Edition

Specifies definitions of photographic (environment, subject pose, focus, etc.) properties, digital image attributes and a face interchange format for relevant applications, including human examination and computer automated face recognition.

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Standards for Business Continuity and Emergency Preparedness

NFPA 1600, Standard on Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs, 2010 Edition. 

This standard establishes a common set of criteria for preparedness, disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity.  NFPA 1600 specifies the management and essential elements of a preparedness program for disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity.  The particular strength of this standard focuses on planning and preparation in anticipation of a disaster and does not prescribe a program development process.  NFPA 1600 is available for purchase or as a free download from the National Fire Protection Association website – http://www.nfpa.org.

BS25999, Business Continuity Management. 

This standard defines requirements for a management systems approach to business continuity and integrates risk management disciplines and processes.  BS 25999 is comprised of two parts: Part 1 dated 2006; Code of Practice, and Part 2 dated 2007; Specification.  The particular strength of this standard specifically provides a management systems approach to business continuity and also integrates risk management disciplines and processes.  The standard also provides the user the basis for understanding and implementing in business-to-business and business-to-customer dealings to reassure business resilience.  BS2599 is available for purchase from the British Standards Institution website – http://www.bsi-global.com.

ASIS SPC. 1-2009, Organizational Resilience: Security Preparedness, and Continuity Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use. 

This standard defines requirements for a management systems approach to organizational resilience. The particular strength of this standard applies a management systems approach to organizational resilience. The standard encompasses an assortment of risk management mechanisms and follows a plan-do-check-act approach associated with other International Standard Organization management system based standards.  ASIS SPC. 1-2009 is available for purchase or as a free download from the American Society for Industrial Security website – http://www.asisonline.org/

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Last Published Date: October 22, 2013
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