Many non-U.S. citizen victims do not have legal status in the United States, which is a reason victims may not come forward. Traffickers also use victims’ lack of legal status to exploit and control them. Immigration relief is a critical tool because it provides a way for victims to feel secure and stabilize their status in the United States.
CP is a form of short-term immigration relief that allows a potential witness to remain in the U.S. during an investigation. CP should be made available as soon as law enforcement identifies a victim. The investigation does not have to be complete prior to requesting CP, which is requested by law enforcement only.
Law enforcement plays a role in the T visa and U visa processes by telling U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) about the victim’s assistance to law enforcement. Law enforcement fills out a declaration or certification, which informs USCIS about how the victim is assisting law enforcement. For the T visa, this is not required evidence; other evidence can be gathered to show the victim’s assistance. For the U visa, the law enforcement certification is required evidence. The law enforcement declaration or certification alone does not provide the basis for a grant of an immigration benefit and is only one piece of evidence that USCIS reviews before making a decision. To help a victim learn how to apply, contact USCIS at 1-800-375-5283, or go online to learn more about the T visa and U visa processes.