A system of prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery elements, the Emergency Services Sector (ESS) represents the nation's first line of defense in the prevention and mitigation of risk from both intentional and unintentional manmade incidents, as well as from natural disasters. The ESS also serves as the primary protector for the other 15 critical infrastructure sectors.
Encompassing a wide range of emergency response functions, the primary mission of the ESS is to:
- Save lives
- Protect property and the environment
- Assist communities impacted by disasters
- Aid in recovery from emergencies
These functions, the majority of which are performed at the state, local, tribal, and territorial levels, are defined by five disciplines:
- Law Enforcement
- Fire and Emergency Services
- Emergency Management
- Emergency Medical Services
- Public Works
Additionally, there are several specialized capabilities identified within the ESS, such as:
- Hazardous Materials
- Search and Rescue
- Hazardous Devices Team/Public Safety Bomb Disposal
- Tactical Teams (i.e., SWAT)
- Aviation Units (i.e., police and medevac helicopters)
- Public Safety Answering Points (i.e., 9-1-1 call centers)
The Emergency Services Sector-Specific Plan details how the National Infrastructure Protection Plan risk management framework is implemented within the context of the unique characteristics and risk landscape of the sector. Each Sector-Specific Agency develops a sector-specific plan through a coordinated effort involving its public and private sector partners. The Department of Homeland Security is designated as the Sector-Specific Agency for the Emergency Services Sector.
The ESS has dependencies and interdependencies with multiple critical infrastructure sectors and the National Response Framework's Emergency Support Functions, which provide assistance for both the operation and protection of ESS assets.
Emergency Services Sector Resources
The Department of Homeland Security offers a wide array of free tools and resources to government and private sector partners to enable the Emergency Services Sector mission, including the Cybersecurity Initiative and the Information Sharing Initiative.
Emergency Services Sector Training
The Department of Homeland Security, along with other government agencies, offer a wide array of free training programs to government and private sector partners to facilitate the Emergency Services Sector mission.
For more information, contact the Emergency Services Sector-Specific Agency at email@example.com.