The Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) prepares special reports in response to Presidential, Secretarial, and congressional directives.
Asylum Processing Rule Cohort Report
On May 31, 2022, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Department of Justice (DOJ) began implementing a rule to ensure that those subject to expedited removal who are eligible for asylum are granted relief quickly and those who are not are promptly removed. By establishing a process for the efficient and thorough review of asylum claims, the new rule aims to reduce existing immigration court backlogs and to shorten the adjudication process to several months. The rule is being implemented in a phased manner, beginning with a small number of individuals, and continues to grow as USCIS builds operational capacity.
These reports describe processing and outcomes under the new rule for noncitizens identified as potentially suitable for placement in the rule, as well as demographic information about the population placed in the rule. Currently, individuals who may be processed under the rule include single adults who are non-rare language speakers and whose intended destination is one of seven destination cities (Boston, New York, Newark, Miami, Chicago, Los Angeles, and San Francisco).
Additional reports will be added regularly on a monthly basis. Please consult this factsheet for more information about phased implementation.
Migrant Protection Protocols Cohort Report
Under the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), certain noncitizens encountered at the Southwest Border await their immigration proceedings in Mexico rather than in the United States. These reports describe MPP processing and outcomes for noncitizens enrolled in MPP within given time periods, summarizing information on enrollee nationalities, fear claims, vaccinations, and processing outcomes (returns to Mexico or disenrollments) by month of MPP enrollment. Additional reports will be added regularly to include information about individuals enrolled in future months along with updated information about earlier enrollees as they move through additional stages of the MPP process.
Enforcement Lifecycle Report
Congress has directed the DHS Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans to report on the end-to-end enforcement lifecycle. OIS’s Enforcement Lifecycle methodology matches unique border encounters to their associated enforcement outcomes.
Family Unit Actions Report
The Department posts a monthly report (starting in 2019) documenting when and where all family separations occurred. This report includes information on the ages of all minors being separated from their family units, the nature of administrative or criminal charges filed against adult family members, as well as how often family units apprehended together are detained in ICE custody or referred to the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement. Reports approved by the previous administration (through August 2020) will be posted in format in which they were approved.
Reports from January 2021 will comply with new requirements included in the FY 2021 DHS Appropriations Act.
Legal Immigration and Adjustment of Status Report
The Department of Homeland Security issues quarterly reports detailing the number of adjustments of immigration status that occurred during the reporting period, disaggregated by type of adjustment, type and detailed class of admission, and country of nationality.