U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Government Website

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Safely connect using HTTPS

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Notice

This page and its content reflects language used at the time of publication and may include terminology no longer used by the Department.

Table 7. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status By Type And Detailed Class Of Admission: Fiscal Year 2016

The 2016 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics is a compendium of tables that provide data on foreign nationals who are granted lawful permanent residence (i.e., immigrants who receive a “green card”), admitted as temporary nonimmigrants, granted asylum or refugee status, or are naturalized. The Yearbook also presents data on immigration enforcement actions, including apprehensions and arrests, removals, and returns.

Family-Sponsored Preferences
Type and class of admissionTotalAdjustments of StatusNew Arrivals
       Total, all immigrants1,183,505565,427618,078
Family-sponsored preferences238,08715,116222,971
   First: Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their children22,0721,95220,120
     Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F11)12,069-12,069
     Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F16)1,8221,822-
     Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, self petitioning (B11)10-10
     Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments, self petitioning (B16)DD-
     Children of F11 or F16, new arrivals (F12)8,041-8,041
     Children of F11 or F16, adjustments (F17)DD-
   Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents121,2676,751114,516
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F21)11,458-11,458
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F26)1,6871,687-
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B21)19-19
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B26)410410-
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, conditional (C21)143-143
     Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C26)7777-
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX1)27,460-27,460
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX6)607607-
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (BX1)5-5
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (BX6)141141-
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, conditional (CX1)51-51
     Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, conditional (CX6)3131-
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F22)7,176-7,176
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F27)715715-
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B22)33-33
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B27)6363-
     Children of C21, C22, C26, or C27, subject to country limits, new arrivals, conditional (C23)36-36
     Children of B21, B22, B26, or B27, subject to country limits, new arrivals (B23)13-13
     Children of B21, B22, B26, or B27, subject to country limits, adjustments (B28)4949-
     Children of F21, F22, F26, or F27, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F23)4,340-4,340
     Children of F21, F22, F26, or F27, subject to country limits, adjustments (F28)3232-
     Children of C24 or C29, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C20)1313-
     Children of B24 or B29, subject to country limits, adjustments (B20)1313-
     Children of F24 or F29, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F25)10,304-10,304
     Children of F24 or F29, subject to country limits, adjustments (F20)147147-
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, conditional (C22)D-D
     Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C27)DD-
     Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX2)28,672-28,672
     Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX7)264264-
     Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (BX7)2121-
     Children of CX2 or CX7, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, conditional (CX3)9-9
     Children of BX1, BX2, BX6, or BX7, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (BX3)D-D
     Children of BX1, BX2, BX6, or BX7, exempt from country limits, adjustments (BX8)2727-
     Children of FX1, FX2, FX7, or FX8, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX3)10,687-10,687
     Children of FX1, FX2, FX7, or FX8, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX8)1818-
     Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, conditional (CX2)12-12
     Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F24)14,094-14,094
     Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F29)2,4292,429-
     Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B24)D-D
     Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B29)DD-
     Unmarried children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C29)33-
   Third: Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children27,3922,07325,319
     Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F31)7,132-7,132
     Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, conditional (C31)D-D
     Married Amerasian sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (A36)DD-
     Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F36)956956-
     Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments, self petitioning (B36)DD-
     Spouses of A31 or A36, new arrivals (A32)D-D
     Spouses of A31 or A36, adjustments (A37)DD-
     Spouses of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F32)6,527-6,527
     Spouses of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F37)786786-
     Spouses of B31 or B36, adjustments (B37)33-
     Children of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F33)11,656-11,656
     Children of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F38)320320-
     Children of C31 or C36, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C38)DD-
     Children of B31 or B36, subject to country limits, adjustments (B38)DD-
   Fourth: Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and their spouses and children67,3564,34063,016
     Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F41)21,208-21,208
     Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F46)2,6072,607-
     Spouses of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F42)15,237-15,237
     Spouses of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F47)1,2311,231-
     Children of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F43)26,571-26,571
     Children of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F48)502502-

 

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of StatusNew Arrivals
Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens566,706257,302309,404
     Spouses, new arrivals (IR1)85,638-85,638
     Spouses, adjustments (IR6)37,56937,569-
     Spouses, new arrivals, conditional (CR1)46,750-46,750
     Spouses, adjustments, conditional (CR6)97,45797,457-
     Spouses, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB1)214-214
     Spouses, adjustments, self petitioning (IB6)3,7093,709-
     Spouses, widows or widowers, new arrivals (IW1)403-403
     Spouses, widows or widowers, adjustments (IW6)346346-
     Spouses, entered as fiance(e), adjustments, conditional (CF1)31,40531,405-
     Spouses, entered as fiance(e), adjustments (IF1)867867-
     Children, new arrivals (IR2)58,353-58,353
     Children, adjustments (IR7)7,6087,608-
     Children, new arrivals, conditional (CR2)6,867-6,867
     Children, adjustments, conditional (CR7)5,1875,187-
     Children, Amerasian, adjustments (AR6)DD-
     Children, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB2)112-112
     Children, adjustments, self petitioning (IB7)269269-
     Children of IB1 or IB6, new arrivals (IB3)226-226
     Children of IB1 or IB6, adjustments (IB8)289289-    
     Children of IW1 or IW6, new arrivals (IW2)133-133
     Children of IW1 or IW6, adjustments (IW7)4141-
     Children of CF1, adjustments, conditional (CF2)3,7213,721-
     Children of IF1, adjustments (IF2)309309-
     Children adopted abroad under the Hague Convention, new arrivals (IH3)3,113-3,113
     Children to be adopted under the Hague Convention, new arrivals (IH4)218-218
     Children to be adopted under the Hague Convention, adjustments (IH9)DD-
     Orphans adopted abroad, new arrivals (IR3)1,312-1,312
     Orphans adopted abroad, adjustments (IR8)77-
     Orphans to be adopted, new arrivals (IR4)722-722
     Orphans to be adopted, adjustments (IR9)44-
     Parents of adult U.S. citizens, new arrivals (IR5)105,339-105,339
     Parents of adult U.S. citizens, adjustments (IR0)68,41468,414-
     Parents battered or abused, of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB5)4-4
     Parents battered or abused, of U.S. citizens, adjustments, self petitioning (IB0)9797-

 

Employment-Based Preferences
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of StatusNew Arrivals
Employment-based preferences137,893113,64024,253
   First: Priority workers42,86240,4452,417
     Aliens with extraordinary ability, new arrivals (E11)761-761
     Aliens with extraordinary ability, adjustments (E16)4,7694,769-
     Outstanding professors or researchers, new arrivals (E12)15-15
     Outstanding professors or researchers, adjustments (E17)2,8822,882-
     Multinational executives or managers, new arrivals (E13)96-96
     Multinational executives or managers, adjustments (E18)9,1699,169-
     Spouses of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, new arrivals (E14)672-672
     Spouses of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, adjustments (E19)12,70912,709-
     Children of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, new arrivals (E15)873-873
     Children of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, adjustments (E10)10,91610,916-
   Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability38,85836,4482,410
     Professionals holding advanced degrees, new arrivals (E21)877-877
     Professionals holding advanced degrees, adjustments (E26)18,70218,702-
     Spouses of E21 or E26, new arrivals (E22)656-656
     Spouses of E21 or E26, adjustments (E27)11,83711,837-
     Children of E21 or E26, new arrivals (E23)877-877
     Children of E21 or E26, adjustments (E28)5,9095,909-
   Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and needed unskilled workers35,93326,8789,055
     Skilled workers, new arrivals (E31)1,531-1,531
     Skilled workers, adjustments (E36)4,8404,840-
     Professionals with baccalaureate degrees, new arrivals (E32)985-985
     Professionals with baccalaureate degrees, adjustments (E37)8,2558,255-
     Needed unskilled workers, new arrivals (EW3)758-758
     Needed unskilled workers, adjustments (EW8)757757-
     Chinese Student Protection Act (CSPA) principals, adjustments (EC6)DD-
     Spouses of EX1 or EX6, adjustments (EX7)DD-
     Spouses of E31, E32, E36, or E37, new arrivals (E34)1,649-1,649
     Spouses of E31, E32, E36, or E37, adjustments (E39)7,8807,880-
     Spouses of EW3 or EW8, new arrivals (EW4)550-550
     Spouses of EW3 or EW8, adjustments (EW9)409409-
     Spouses of EC6, adjustments (EC7)DD-
     Children of E31, E32, E36, or E37, new arrivals (E35)2,647-2,647
     Children of E31, E32, E36, or E37, adjustments (E30)4,3894,389-
     Children of EW3 or EW8, new arrivals (EW5)935-935
     Children of EW3 or EW8, adjustments (EW0)342342-
   Fourth: Certain special immigrants10,3778,4781,899
     Broadcast (IBCB of BBG) employees, new arrivals (BC1)11-11
     Broadcast (IBCG of BBG) employees, adjustments (BC6)3636-
     Ministers, new arrivals (SD1)31-31
     Ministers, adjustments (SD6)782782-
     Employees of U.S. government abroad, new arrivals (SE1)462-462
     Employees of U.S. government abroad, adjustments (SE6)2020-
     Former employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, new arrivals (SF1)D-D
     Foreign medical school graduate who was licensed to practice in the United States on Jan. 9, 1978, adjustments (SJ6)DD-
     Retired employees of international organizations, new arrivals (SK1)D-D
     Retired employees of international organizations, adjustments (SK6)186186-
     Certain surviving spouses of deceased international organization employees, adjustments (SK9)DD-
     Juvenile court dependents, new arrivals (SL1)148-148
     Juvenile court dependents, adjustments (SL6)5,4655,465-
     Retired NATO-6 civilian employees, adjustments (SN6)DD-
     Religious workers, new arrivals (SR1)14-14
     Religious workers, adjustments (SR6)553553-
     Spouses of BC1 or BC6, new arrivals (BC2)4-4
     Spouses of BC1 or BC6, adjustments (BC7)1616-
     Spouses of SD1 or SD6, new arrivals (SD2)29-29
     Spouses of SD1 or SD6, adjustments (SD7)353353-
     Spouses of SE1 or SE6, new arrivals (SE2)369-369
     Spouses of SE1 or SE6, adjustments (SE7)77-
     Spouses or children of SF1 or SF6, adjustments (SF7)DD-
     Spouses of SK1 or SK6, new arrivals (SK2)D-D
     Spouses of SK1 or SK6, adjustments (SK7)4141-
     Spouses of SN1 or SN6, adjustments (SN7)DD-
     Spouses of SR1 or SR6, new arrivals (SR2)12-12
     Spouses of SR1 or SR6, adjustments (SR7)152152-
     Children of BC1 or BC6, new arrivals (BC3)5-5
     Children of BC1 or BC6, adjustments (BC8)2727-
     Children of SD1 or SD6, new arrivals (SD3)64-64
     Children of SD1 or SD6, adjustments (SD8)433433-
     Children of SE1 or SE6, new arrivals (SE3)718-718
     Children of SE1 or SE6, adjustments (SE8)1515-
     Certain unmarried children of SK1 or SK6, new arrivals (SK3)5-5
     Certain unmarried children of SK1 or SK6, adjustments (SK8)228228-
     Children of SR1 or SR6, new arrivals (SR3)23-23
     Children of SR1 or SR6, adjustments (SR8)152152-
     Certain unmarried sons/daughters of SN1 or SN6, adjustments (SN8)55-
   Fifth: Employment creation (investors)9,8631,3918,472
     Employment creation, not in targeted area, new arrivals, conditional (C51)22-22
     Employment creation, not in targeted area, adjustments, conditional (C56)6868-
     Employment creation, targeted area, pilot program, new arrivals, conditional (I51)2,682-2,682
     Employment creation, targeted area, pilot program, adjustments, conditional (I56)463463-
     Employment creation, targeted area, new arrivals, conditional (T51)100-100
     Employment creation, targeted area, adjustments, conditional (T56)8787-
     Investor pilot program, not targeted, new arrivals, conditional (R51)D-D
     Investor pilot program, not targeted, adjustments, conditional (R56)DD-
     Spouses of C51 or C56, new arrivals, conditional (C52)19-19
     Spouses of C51 or C56, adjustments, conditional (C57)3939-
     Spouses of I51 or I56, new arrivals, conditional (I52)1,878-1,878
     Spouses of I51 or I56, adjustments, conditional (I57)179179-
     Spouses of T51 or T56, new arrivals, conditional (T52)68-68
     Spouses of T51 or T56, adjustments, conditional (T57)4646-
     Spouses of R51 or R56, new arrivals, conditional (R52)D-D
     Spouses of R51 or R56, adjustments, conditional (R57)DD-
     Children of C51 or C56, new arrivals, conditional (C53)41-41
     Children of C51 or C56, adjustments, conditional (C58)5757-
     Children of I51 or I56, new arrivals, conditional (I53)3,528-3,528
     Children of I51 or I56, adjustments, conditional (I58)374374-
     Children of T51 or T56, new arrivals, conditional (T53)125-125
     Children of T51 or T56, adjustments, conditional (T58)7474-
     Children of R51 or R56, new arrivals, conditional (R53)5-5

 

Diversity
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of StatusNew Arrivals
Diversity49,8651,04848,817
     Principals, new arrivals (DV1)24,987-24,987
     Principals, adjustments (DV6)610610-
     Spouses of DV1 or DV6, new arrivals (DV2)11,355-11,355
     Spouses of DV1 or DV6, adjustments (DV7)265265-
     Children of DV1 or DV6, new arrivals (DV3)12,475-12,475
     Children of DV1 or DV6, adjustments (DV8)173173-

 

Refugees and Asylees
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of StatusNew Arrivals
Refugees and asylees157,425157,425-
   Refugees120,216120,216-
     Cuban refugees (P.L. 89-732 of 1966) (CU6)54,50254,502-
     Non-Cuban spouses or children of Cuban refugees (CU7)3,1683,168-
     Refugee parolees (P.L. 95-412 of 1978) (R86)DD-
     Other refugees (P.L. 96-212 Refugee Act of 1980) (RE6)26,32326,323-
     Spouses of RE6 (RE7)10,38610,386-
     Children of RE6 (RE8)25,83125,831-
     Other relatives (RE9)DD-
   Asylees37,20937,209-
     Asylees (AS6)21,06421,064-
     Syrian asylees (SY6)DD-
     Spouses of AS6 (AS7)DD-
     Children of AS6 (AS8)9,6799,679-

 

All Other Types of Admission
Type and class of admissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Parolees1515-
   Parolees, Soviet/Indochinese (LA6)77-
   Parolees, Indochinese (ID6)88-
Children born abroad to alien residents (NA3)92-92
Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (NACARA Section 202, P.L. 105-100)3434-
   Principals (NC6)2424-
   Spouses of NC6 (NC7)DD-
   Children of NC6 (NC8)DD-
Cancellation of removal3,4533,453-
   Sec. 244, P.L. 89-236, subject to 4,000 annual limit (Z13)2,5232,523-
   Battered spouses or children (Violence Against Women Act), P.L. 103-322 of 1994, subject to 4,000 annual limit (Z14)4444-
   Salvadoran, Guatemalan and former Soviet bloc country nationals (NACARA Section 203, P.L. 105-100 of 1997) (Z15)886886-
Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act (HRIFA, P.L. 105-277)1515-
   Haitian asylum applicants (HA6)1111-
   Spouses of HA6 (HA7)DD-
   Spouses of HB6 (HB7)DD-
   Children of HB6 (HB8)DD-
IRCA legalization1616-
   Entered without inspection before 1/1/82 (W16)55-
   Entered as nonimmigrant and overstayed visa before 1/1/82 (W26)DD-
   Seasonal Agricultural Workers (SAW), worked at least 90 days during each year ending May 1, 1984, 1985, and 1986 (S16)DD-
   Seasonal Agricultural Workers (SAW), worked at least 90 days during the year ending on May 1, 1986 (S26)66-
IRCA legalization dependents16115
   Spouses of legalized aliens, new arrivals, conditional (CB1)D-D
   Spouses of legalized aliens, adjustments (LB6)DD-
   Spouses of legalized aliens, adjustments, conditional (CB6)55-
   Children of LB1 or LB6, new arrivals (LB2)D-D
   Children of CB1 or CB6, new arrivals, conditional (CB2)D-D
   Children of LB1 or LB6, adjustments (LB7)DD-
   Children of CB1 or CB6, adjustments, conditional (CB7)DD-
Other29,88817,35212,536
   Amerasians, born in Vietnam between 1/1/62-1/1/76, new arrivals (AM1)D-D
   Spouses or children of AM1 or AM6, new arrivals (AM2)3-3
   Spouses or children of AM1 or AM6, adjustments (AM7)DD-
   Mothers, guardians, or next of kin of AM1 or AM6, new arrivals (AM3)D-D
   Mothers, guardians, or next of kin of AM1 or AM6, adjustments (AM8)DD-
   Individuals born under diplomatic status, adjustments (DS1)2727-
   Spouses of HK1 or HK6, new arrivals (HK2)D-D
   Cuban Haitian entrants, adjustments (P.L. 99-603) (CH6)66-
   American Indians born in Canada, new arrivals (S13)166-166
   Natives of Tibet who continuously resided in Nepal or India (Displaced Tibetan), new arrivals (DT1)D-D
   Spouses of DT1 or DT6, adjustments (DT7)DD-
   Special immigrant interpreters who are nationals of Iraq or Afghanistan, new arrivals (SI1)40-40
   Special immigrant interpreters who are nationals of Iraq or Afghanistan, adjustments (SI6)33-
   Spouses of SI1 or SI6, new arrivals (SI2)34-34
   Spouses of SI1 or SI6, adjustments (SI7)DD-
   Children of SI1 or SI6, new arrivals (SI3)99-99
   Children of SI1 or SI6, adjustments (SI8)DD-
   Spouses of SM1 or SM6, new arrivals (SM2)D-D
   Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government, new arrivals (SQ1)3,772-3,772
   Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government, adjustments (SQ6)99-
   Spouses of SQ1 or SQ6, new arrivals (SQ2)2,743-2,743
   Spouses of SQ1 or SQ6, adjustments (SQ7)33-
   Children of SQ1 or SQ6, new arrivals (SQ3)5,621-5,621
   Children of SQ1 or SQ6, adjustments (SQ8)33-
   Adjustment of T1 nonimmigrant (ST6)491491-
   Adjustment of T2 nonimmigrant (ST7)178178-
   Adjustment of T3 nonimmigrant (ST8)362362-
   Adjustment of T4 nonimmigrant (ST0)1515-
   Adjustment of T5 nonimmigrant (ST9)2222-
   Adjustment of T6 nonimmigrant (ST1)DD-
   Spouses of SU6, new arrivals (SU2)D-D
   Children of SU6, new arrivals (SU3)34-34
   Adjustment of U1 nonimmigrant (SU6)9,5259,525-
   Adjustment of U2 nonimmigrant (SU7)1,4501,450-
   Adjustment of U3 nonimmigrant (SU8)3,5433,543-
   Adjustment of U4 nonimmigrant (SU0)1,1581,158-
   Adjustment of U5 nonimmigrant (SU9)472472-
   Late amnesty applicants (Immigration Reform and Control Act) (W46)33-
   Presumed lawfully admitted for permanent residence (XB3)DD-
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's employment-based preference visa, new arrivals (XE3)D-D
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's family-sponsored preference visa, new arrivals (XF3)6-6
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's visa other, new arrivals (XN3)8-8
   Entered before 7/1/24, Section 249, P.L. 89-236, adjustments (Z33)DD-
   Entered 6/29/40-1/1/72, Section 249, P.L. 89-236, adjustments (Z66)6969-
   Foreign government official who is immediate relative of U.S. citizen or special immigrant (Z83)33-

D Data withheld to limit disclosure.

- Represents zero.

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Last Updated: 11/10/2021
Was this page helpful?
This page was not helpful because the content