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Table 6. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Type and Major Class of Admission: Fiscal Years 2016 to 2018

The 2018 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics is a compendium of tables that provide data on foreign nationals who are granted lawful permanent residence (i.e., immigrants who receive a “green card”), admitted as temporary nonimmigrants, granted asylum or refugee status, or are naturalized. The Yearbook also presents data on immigration enforcement actions, including apprehensions and arrests, removals, and returns.

Table 6. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Type and Major Class of Admission: Fiscal Years 2016 to 2018
Class of Admission (Adjustments of Status and New Arrivals) 2016 2017 2018
      Total 1,183,505 1,127,167 1,096,611
Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 566,706 516,508 478,961
   Spouses 304,358 292,909 268,149
   Children 1 88,494 74,989 66,794
   Parents 173,854 148,610 144,018
Family-sponsored preferences 238,087 232,238 216,563
   First: Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their children 22,072 26,219 27,251
   Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents 121,267 113,500 109,841
   Third: Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children 27,392 23,260 19,531
   Fourth: Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and their spouses and children 67,356 69,259 59,940
Employment-based preferences 137,893 137,855 138,171
   First: Priority workers 42,862 41,060 39,514
   Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 38,858 39,331 40,095
   Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and unskilled workers 35,933 38,083 39,228
    Fourth: Certain special immigrants 10,377 9,504 9,711
   Fifth: Employment creation (investors) 9,863 9,877 9,623
Diversity 49,865 51,592 45,350
Refugees 120,216 120,356 155,734
Asylees 37,209 25,647 30,175
Parolees 15 26 14
Children born abroad to alien residents 92 75 69
Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government and their spouses and children 12,151 19,191 10,297
Cancellation of removal 3,453 3,539 4,421
Victims of human trafficking 1,069 1,317 1,208
Victims of crimes and their spouses and children 16,184 18,065 15,012
Other 565 758 636

 

Adjustments of Status
Class of Admission (Adjustments of Status) 2016 2017 2018
      Total 565,427 549,086 567,884
Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 257,302 252,231 237,321
   Spouses 171,353 177,473 156,475
   Children 1 17,438 16,749 16,765
   Parents 68,511 58,009 64,081
Family-sponsored preferences 15,116 13,478 12,448
   First: Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their children 1,952 1,929 1,952
   Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents 6,751 5,846 4,389
   Third: Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children 2,073 2,093 1,539
   Fourth: Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and their spouses and children 4,340 3,610 4,568
Employment-based preferences 113,640 113,330 110,347
   First: Priority workers 40,445 38,496 35,373
   Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 36,448 36,217 36,821
   Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and unskilled workers 26,878 29,377 28,568
   Fourth: Certain special immigrants 8,478 7,610 7,886
   Fifth: Employment creation (investors) 1,391 1,630 1,699
Diversity 1,048 918 1,117
Refugees 120,216 120,356 155,734
Asylees 37,209 25,647 30,175
Parolees 15 26 14
Children born abroad to alien residents - - -
Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government and their spouses and children 15 46 32
Cancellation of removal 3,453 3,539 4,421
Victims of human trafficking 1,069 1,317 1,208
Victims of crimes and their spouses and children 16,148 17,993 14,909
Other 196 205 158

 

New Arrivals
Class of Admission (New Arrivals) 2016 2017 2018
      Total 618,078 578,081 528,727
Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens 309,404 264,277 241,640
   Spouses 133,005 115,436 111,674
   Children 1 71,056 58,240 50,029
   Parents 105,343 90,601 79,937
Family-sponsored preferences 222,971 218,760 204,115
   First: Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their children 20,120 24,290 25,299
   Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents 114,516 107,654 105,452
   Third: Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children 25,319 21,167 17,992
   Fourth: Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and their spouses and children 63,016 65,649 55,372
Employment-based preferences 24,253 24,525 27,824
   First: Priority workers 2,417 2,564 4,141
   Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability 2,410 3,114 3,274
   Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and unskilled workers 9,055 8,706 10,660
   Fourth: Certain special immigrants 1,899 1,894 1,825
   Fifth: Employment creation (investors) 8,472 8,247 7,924
Diversity 48,817 50,674 44,233
Refugees - - -
Asylees - - -
Parolees - - -
Children born abroad to alien residents 92 75 69
Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government and their spouses and children 12,136 19,145 10,265
Cancellation of removal - - -
Victims of human trafficking - - -
Victims of crimes and their spouses and children 36 72 103
Other 369 553 478

- Represents zero.
1 Includes orphans.

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. removals, and returns.

Last Published Date: January 6, 2020

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