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Table 7. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Type and Detailed Class of Admission: Fiscal Year 2019

The 2019 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics is a compendium of tables that provide data on foreign nationals who are granted lawful permanent residence (i.e., immigrants who receive a “green card”), admitted as temporary nonimmigrants, granted asylum or refugee status, or are naturalized. The Yearbook also presents data on immigration enforcement actions, including apprehensions and arrests, removals, and returns.

Table 7. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Type and Detailed Class of Admission: Fiscal Year 2019

All Immigrants

Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
      Total, all immigrants1,031,765572,513459,252

 

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens505,765311,474194,291
   Spouses, new arrivals (IR1)57,225-57,225
   Spouses, adjustments (IR6)67,73567,735-
   Spouses, new arrivals, conditional (CR1)28,880-28,880
   Spouses, adjustments, conditional (CR6)118,925118,925-
   Spouses, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB1)209-209
   Spouses, adjustments, self petitioning (IB6)3,5683,568-
   Spouses, widows or widowers, new arrivals (IW1)374-374
   Spouses, widows or widowers, adjustments (IW6)566566-
   Spouses, entered as fiance(e), adjustments, conditional (CF1)24,96124,961-
   Spouses, entered as fiance(e), adjustments (IF1)1,8911,891-
   Children, new arrivals (IR2)32,996-32,996
   Children, adjustments (IR7)9,6259,625-
   Children, new arrivals, conditional (CR2)4,331-4,331
   Children, adjustments, conditional (CR7)6,4226,422-
   Children, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB2)32-32
   Children, adjustments, self petitioning (IB7)237237-
   Children of IB1 or IB6, new arrivals (IB3)217-217
   Children of IB1 or IB6, adjustments (IB8)251251-
   Children of IW1 or IW6, new arrivals (IW2)95-95
   Children of IW1 or IW6, adjustments (IW7)6161-
   Children of CF1, adjustments, conditional (CF2)3,4073,407-
   Children of IF1, adjustments (IF2)593593-
   Children adopted abroad under the Hague Convention, new arrivals (IH3)1,851-1,851
   Children adopted abroad under the Hague Convention, adjustments (IH8)DD-
   Children to be adopted under the Hague Convention, new arrivals (IH4)144-144
   Orphans adopted abroad, new arrivals (IR3)875-875
   Orphans adopted abroad, adjustments (IR8)88-
   Orphans to be adopted, new arrivals (IR4)154-154
   Orphans to be adopted, adjustments (IR9)DD-
   Parents of adult U.S. citizens, new arrivals (IR5)66,901-66,901
   Parents of adult U.S. citizens, adjustments (IR0)73,13873,138-
   Parents battered or abused, of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, self petitioning (IB5)7-7
   Parents battered or abused, of U.S. citizens, adjustments, self petitioning (IB0)8282-

 

Family-Sponsored Preferences
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Family-sponsored preferences204,13918,999185,140
   First: Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their children24,4973,60620,891
      Unmarried Amerasian sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (A16)DD-
      Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F11)11,977-11,977
      Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F16)3,2333,233-
      Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, self petitioning (B11)5-5
      Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments, self petitioning (B16)DD-
     Children of A11 or A16, new arrivals (A12)D-D
     Children of F11 or F16, new arrivals (F12)8,906-8,906
      Children of F11 or F16, adjustments (F17)369369-
      Children of B11 or B16, new arrivals (B12)D-D
      Children of B11 or B16, adjustments (B17)DD-
   Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents93,3988,20585,193
      Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F21)6,198-6,198
      Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F26)2,2202,220-
      Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B21)23-23
      Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B26)347347-
      Spouses of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C26)1212-
      Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX1)23,376-23,376
      Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX6)814814-
      Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (BX1)6-6
      Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (BX6)9898-
      Spouses of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, conditional (CX6)1010-
      Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F22)3,691-3,691
      Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F27)866866-
      Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B22)6-6
      Children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B27)4343-
      Children of B21, B22, B26, or B27, subject to country limits, new arrivals (B23)4-4
      Children of B21, B22, B26, or B27, subject to country limits, adjustments (B28)3232-
      Children of F21, F22, F26, or F27, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F23)2,563-2,563
      Children of F21, F22, F26, or F27, subject to country limits, adjustments (F28)4141-
      Children of C24 or C29, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C20)DD-
      Children of B24 or B29, subject to country limits, adjustments (B20)44-
      Children of F24 or F29, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F25)9,581-9,581
      Children of F24 or F29, subject to country limits, adjustments (F20)453453-
      Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX2)19,209-19,209
      Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX7)298298-
      Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (BX2)7-7
      Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (BX7)1212-
      Children of BX1, BX2, BX6, or BX7, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (BX3)D-D
      Children of BX1, BX2, BX6, or BX7, exempt from country limits, adjustments (BX8)1717-
      Children of FX1, FX2, FX7, or FX8, exempt from country limits, new arrivals (FX3)8,894-8,894
      Children of FX1, FX2, FX7, or FX8, exempt from country limits, adjustments (FX8)2727-
      Children of alien residents, exempt from country limits, adjustments, conditional (CX7)DD-
      Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals (F24)11,631-11,631
      Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments (F29)2,9022,902-
      Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, self petitioning (B24)D-D
      Unmarried sons/daughters of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, self petitioning (B29)55-
      Unmarried children of alien residents, subject to country limits, new arrivals, conditional (C24)D-D
      Unmarried children of alien residents, subject to country limits, adjustments, conditional (C29)DD-
   Third: Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children25,2132,30322,910
      Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F31)6,678-6,678
      Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals, conditional (C31)D-D
      Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F36)1,1151,115-
      Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments, conditional (C36)DD-
      Spouses of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F32)D-D
      Spouses of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F37)829829-
      Children of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F33)10,188-10,188
      Children of married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F38)DD-
      Children of C31 or C36, subject to country limits, new arrivals, conditional (C33)D-D
   Fourth: Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) and their spouses and children61,0314,88556,146
      Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F41)19,101-19,101
      Brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F46)3,0783,078-
      Spouses of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F42)13,562-13,562
      Spouses of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F47)1,3941,394-
      Children of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, new arrivals (F43)23,483-23,483
      Children of brothers/sisters of U.S. citizens, adjustments (F48)413413-

 

Employment-Based Preferences
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Employment-based preferences139,458110,68928,769
   First: Priority workers39,47137,2292,242
      Aliens with extraordinary ability, new arrivals (E11)614-614
      Aliens with extraordinary ability, adjustments (E16)3,4393,439-
      Outstanding professors or researchers, new arrivals (E12)17-17
      Outstanding professors or researchers, adjustments (E17)1,9651,965-
      Multinational executives or managers, new arrivals (E13)142-142
      Multinational executives or managers, adjustments (E18)9,4979,497-
      Spouses of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, new arrivals (E14)621-621
      Spouses of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, adjustments (E19)11,79811,798-
      Children of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, new arrivals (E15)848-848
      Children of E11, E12, E13, E16, E17, or E18, adjustments (E10)10,53010,530-
   Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability39,50636,0723,434
      Professionals holding advanced degrees, new arrivals (E21)1,244-1,244
      Professionals holding advanced degrees, adjustments (E26)18,59018,590-
      Soviet scientists, adjustments (ES6)DD-
      Spouses of E21 or E26, new arrivals (E22)943-943
      Spouses of E21 or E26, adjustments (E27)11,63011,630-
      Children of E21 or E26, new arrivals (E23)1,247-1,247
      Children of E21 or E26, adjustments (E28)DD-
   Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and needed unskilled workers41,78728,24813,539
      Skilled workers, new arrivals (E31)4,320-4,320
      Skilled workers, adjustments (E36)4,3644,364-
      Professionals with baccalaureate degrees, new arrivals (E32)452-452
      Professionals with baccalaureate degrees, adjustments (E37)9,2819,281-
      Needed unskilled workers, new arrivals (EW3)818-818
      Needed unskilled workers, adjustments (EW8)1,5041,504-
      Spouses of E31, E32, E36, or E37, new arrivals (E34)2,828-2,828
      Spouses of E31, E32, E36, or E37, adjustments (E39)7,8047,804-
      Spouses of EW3 or EW8, new arrivals (EW4)385-385
      Spouses of EW3 or EW8, adjustments (EW9)614614-
      Children of E31, E32, E36, or E37, new arrivals (E35)4,173-4,173
      Children of E31, E32, E36, or E37, adjustments (E30)4,1234,123-
      Children of EW3 or EW8, new arrivals (EW5)563-563
      Children of EW3 or EW8, adjustments (EW0)558558-
   Fourth: Certain special immigrants9,6097,5282,081
      Broadcast (IBCB of BBG) employees, new arrivals (BC1)14-14
      Broadcast (IBCG of BBG) employees, adjustments (BC6)2121-
      Ministers, new arrivals (SD1)65-65
      Ministers, adjustments (SD6)823823-
      Employees of U.S. government abroad, new arrivals (SE1)489-489
      Employees of U.S. government abroad, adjustments (SE6)2727-
      Former employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government, new arrivals (SF1)D-D
      Retired employees of international organizations, new arrivals (SK1)D-D
      Retired employees of international organizations, adjustments (SK6)107107-
      Juvenile court dependents, new arrivals (SL1)64-64
      Juvenile court dependents, adjustments (SL6)4,9884,988-
      Religious workers, new arrivals (SR1)38-38
      Religious workers, adjustments (SR6)405405-
      Spouses of BC1 or BC6, new arrivals (BC2)7-7
      Spouses of BC1 or BC6, adjustments (BC7)77-
      Spouses of SD1 or SD6, new arrivals (SD2)36-36
      Spouses of SD1 or SD6, adjustments (SD7)313313-
      Spouses of SE1 or SE6, new arrivals (SE2)387-387
      Spouses of SE1 or SE6, adjustments (SE7)DD-
      Spouses or children of SG1 or SG6, adjustments (SG7)DD-
      Spouses of SK1 or SK6, new arrivals (SK2)D-D
      Spouses of SK1 or SK6, adjustments (SK7)3232-
      Spouses of SR1 or SR6, new arrivals (SR2)11-11
      Spouses of SR1 or SR6, adjustments (SR7)9494-
      Children of BC1 or BC6, new arrivals (BC3)17-17
      Children of BC1 or BC6, adjustments (BC8)1212-
      Children of SD1 or SD6, new arrivals (SD3)43-43
      Children of SD1 or SD6, adjustments (SD8)378378-
      Children of SE1 or SE6, new arrivals (SE3)889-889
      Children of SE1 or SE6, adjustments (SE8)1313-
      Certain unmarried children of SK1 or SK6, new arrivals (SK3)5-5
      Certain unmarried children of SK1 or SK6, adjustments (SK8)178178-
      Children of SR1 or SR6, new arrivals (SR3)11-11
      Children of SR1 or SR6, adjustments (SR8)114114-
      Certain unmarried sons/daughters of SN1 or SN6, adjustments (SN8)1010-
   Fifth: Employment creation (investors)9,0851,6127,473
      Employment creation, not in targeted area, new arrivals, conditional (C51)18-18
      Employment creation, not in targeted area, adjustments, conditional (C56)2121-
      Employment creation, targeted area, pilot program, new arrivals, conditional (I51)2,469-2,469
      Employment creation, targeted area, pilot program, adjustments, conditional (I56)666666-
      Employment creation, targeted area, new arrivals, conditional (T51)65-65
      Employment creation, targeted area, adjustments, conditional (T56)4646-
      Investor pilot program, not targeted, new arrivals, conditional (R51)D-D
      Spouses of C51 or C56, new arrivals, conditional (C52)13-13
      Spouses of C51 or C56, adjustments, conditional (C57)1515-
      Spouses of I51 or I56, new arrivals, conditional (I52)1,636-1,636
      Spouses of I51 or I56, adjustments, conditional (I57)334334-
      Spouses of T51 or T56, new arrivals, conditional (T52)43-43
      Spouses of T51 or T56, adjustments, conditional (T57)3535-
      Spouses of R51 or R56, new arrivals, conditional (R52)D-D
      Children of C51 or C56, new arrivals, conditional (C53)14-14
      Children of C51 or C56, adjustments, conditional (C58)1414-
      Children of I51 or I56, new arrivals, conditional (I53)3,137-3,137
      Children of I51 or I56, adjustments, conditional (I58)438438-
      Children of T51 or T56, new arrivals, conditional (T53)71-71
      Children of T51 or T56, adjustments, conditional (T58)4343-
      Children of R51 or R56, new arrivals, conditional (R53)4-4

 

Diversity
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Diversity43,4631,00342,460
   Principals, new arrivals (DV1)21,350-21,350
   Principals, adjustments (DV6)544544-
   Spouses of DV1 or DV6, new arrivals (DV2)9,368-9,368
   Spouses of DV1 or DV6, adjustments (DV7)241241-
   Children of DV1 or DV6, new arrivals (DV3)11,742-11,742
   Children of DV1 or DV6, adjustments (DV8)218218-

 

Refugees and Asylees
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Refugees and asylees106,911106,911-
   Refugees80,90880,908-
      Cuban refugees (P.L. 89-732 of 1966) (CU6)32,86732,867-
      Non-Cuban spouses or children of Cuban refugees (CU7)3,7353,735-
      Indochinese refugees (P.L. 95-145 of 1977) (IC6)DD-
      Refugee parolees (P.L. 95-412 of 1978) (R86)DD-
      Other refugees (P.L. 96-212 Refugee Act of 1980) (RE6)16,34816,348-
      Spouses of RE6 (RE7)6,3286,328-
      Children of RE6 (RE8)21,62521,625-
      Other relatives (RE9)DD-
   Asylees26,00326,003-
      Asylees (AS6)15,75315,753-
      Spouses of AS6 (AS7)4,0384,038-
      Children of AS6 (AS8)6,2126,212-

 

All Other Types of Admission
Type and Class of AdmissionTotalAdjustments of statusNew arrivals
Parolees1616-
   Parolees, Soviet/Indochinese (LA6)44-
   Parolees, Indochinese (ID6)1212-
Children born abroad to alien residents (NA3)60-60
Certain Iraqis and Afghans employed by U.S. Government8,081228,059
   Principal, new arrivals (SQ1)1,985-1,985
   Principal, adjustments (SQ6)66-
   Spouses of SQ1 or SQ6, new arrivals (SQ2)1,621-1,621
   Spouses of SQ1 or SQ6, adjustments (SQ7)55-
   Children of SQ1 or SQ6, new arrivals (SQ3)4,453-4,453
   Children of SQ1 or SQ6, adjustments (SQ8)1111-
Cancellation of removal4,0334,033-
   Sec. 244, P.L. 89-236, subject to 4,000 annual limit (Z13)3,5053,505-
   Battered spouses or children (Violence Against Women Act), P.L. 103-322 of 1994, subject to 4,000 annual limit (Z14)8080-
   Salvadoran, Guatemalan and former Soviet bloc country nationals (NACARA Section 203, P.L. 105-100 of 1997) (Z15)448448-
Victims of human trafficking818818-
   Adjustment of T1 nonimmigrant (ST6)398398-
   Adjustment of T2 nonimmigrant (ST7)106106-
   Adjustment of T3 nonimmigrant (ST8)256256-
   Adjustment of T4 nonimmigrant (ST0)2727-
   Adjustment of T5 nonimmigrant (ST9)2121-
   Adjustment of T6 nonimmigrant (ST1)1010-
Victims of crimes, and their spouses and children18,44218,326116
   Adjustment of U1 nonimmigrant (SU6)10,13110,131-
   Spouses of SU6, new arrivals (SU2)11-11
   Children of SU6, new arrivals (SU3)100-100
   Parents of SU6, new arrivals (SU5)5-5
   Adjustment of U2 nonimmigrant (SU7)3,1253,125-
   Adjustment of U3 nonimmigrant (SU8)3,5493,549-
   Adjustment of U4 nonimmigrant (SU0)1,1561,156-
   Adjustment of U5 nonimmigrant (SU9)365365-
IRCA legalization3434-
   Entered without inspection before 1/1/82 (W16)1919-
   Entered as nonimmigrant and overstayed visa before 1/1/82 (W26)DD-
   Seasonal Agricultural Workers (SAW), worked at least 90 days during each year ending May 1, 1984, 1985, and 1986 (S16)DD-
   Seasonal Agricultural Workers (SAW), worked at least 90 days during the year ending on May 1, 1986 (S26)88-
IRCA legalization dependents22157
   Spouses of legalized aliens, new arrivals (LB1)D-D
   Spouses of legalized aliens, new arrivals, conditional (CB1)4-4
   Spouses of legalized aliens, adjustments, conditional (CB6)1010-
   Children of LB1 or LB6, new arrivals (LB2)D-D
   Children of LB1 or LB6, adjustments (LB7)DD-
   Children of CB1 or CB6, adjustments, conditional (CB7)DD-
Other523173350
   Amerasians, born in Vietnam between 1/1/62-1/1/76, new arrivals (AM1)29-29
   Spouses or children of AM1 or AM6, new arrivals (AM2)54-54
   Mothers, guardians, or next of kin of AM1 or AM6, new arrivals (AM3)D-D
   Individuals born under diplomatic status, adjustments, (DS1)2929-
   Haitian asylum applicants (HRIFA)(HA6)88-
   Haitian parolees (HRIFA)(HB6)DD-
   Haitian children without parents (HRIFA)(HC6)DD-
   Spouses of HA6 (HA7)33-
   Spouses of HB6 (HB7)DD-
   Children of HA6 (HA8)44-
   Children of HB6 (HB8)DD-
   Cuban Haitian entrants, adjustments (P.L. 99-603) (CH6)77-
   American Indians born in Canada, new arrivals (S13)175-175
   Principals Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (NACARA)(NC6)2525-
   Spouses of NC6 (NC7)1111-
   Children of NC6 (NC8)77-
   Unmarried sons/daughters of NC6 (NC9)33-
   Special immigrant interpreters who are nationals of Iraq or Afghanistan, new arrivals (SI1)17-17
   Special immigrant interpreters who are nationals of Iraq or Afghanistan, adjustments (SI6)DD-
   Spouses of SI1 or SI6, new arrivals (SI2)15-15
   Children of SI1 or SI6, new arrivals (SI3)40-40
   Spouses or children of SM4 or SM9, adjustments (SM0)DD-
   Late amnesty applicants (Immigration Reform and Control Act) (W46)DD-
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's employment-based preference visa, new arrivals (XE3)5-5
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's family-sponsored preference visa, new arrivals (XF3)5-5
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's immediate relative of U.S. citizen visa, new arrivals (XR3)D-D
   Children born subsequent to issuance of parent's visa other, new arrivals (XN3)5-5
   Entered 6/29/40-1/1/72, Section 249, P.L. 89-236, adjustments (Z66)5555-
   Foreign government official who is immediate relative of U.S. citizen or special immigrant (Z83)1313-

D Data withheld to limit disclosure.
- Represents zero.

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Last Updated: 12/08/2021
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