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First Responders Group

S&T FRG Profiles of Perpetrators of Terrorism in the United States

This research highlight provides findings based on START’s Profiles of Perpetrators of Terrorism in the United States (PPT-US) dataset, which includes detailed information on the 143 organizations known to have engaged in terrorist attacks against targets in the U.S. homeland from 1970 through 2013.

S&T FRG U.S. Attitudes Toward Terrorism and Counterterrorism

This project collects survey data to understand public perspectives on the threat of terrorism and the government’s role and effectiveness in responding to it. A sample of 1,576 U.S. adults 18 years of age or older completed the first online survey in Fall 2012. A second survey will be conducted in 2013.

S&T FRG Report on Roles and Functions in Terrorist Groups as They Relate to the Likelihood of Exit

Over the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in understanding the reasons why individuals join terrorist organizations as well as the “radicalization” processes that may culminate in involvement in terrorist activity. This increase has been matched by the concomitant interest in the reasons why individuals involved in terrorism disengage and/or de-radicalize. Unearthing why and how individuals leave terrorist organizations may offer important insights as to which factors may deter involvement in terrorism in the first place, as well as what sorts of measures can encourage or facilitate disengagement once involvement has begun.

S&T FRG Violence Perpetrated by Supporters of Al-Qa’ida and Affiliated Movements Overview

This research highlight provides an overview of violent incidents and plots com-mitted or attempted by supporters of al-Qa’ida and affiliated movements (AQAM) who targeted the United States between 1990 and 2013. Data are drawn from the United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB), which includes information on the 35 homicide events* and 196 violent plots perpetrated by AQAM-related supporters during this time period.

S&T FRG Violence Perpetrated by Supporters of Al-Qa’ida and Affiliated Movements Report

This report provides an overview of violent incidents and plots committed or attempted by supporters of al-Qa’ida and affiliated movements (AQAM) who targeted the United States between 1990 and 2013. Since the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks, countering the dynamic threat of future AQAM attacks has understandably been a top priority under the broader homeland security mission. A key to terrorism prevention is developing a comprehensive understanding of the patterned nature of the AQAM threat in the United States.

S&T FRG NGFR Case Study Physiological Monitoring

This case study describes the DHS Science and Technology Directorate's NGFR’s recent efforts to provide a method of capturing physiological data from first responders and displaying that data to first responders and incident commanders. This study identifies and explains the technologies used in the TechEx and presents a case study for public safety agencies as an example of how to implement physiological monitoring to improve first responder monitoring and resource management.

S&T FRG Tracing the Motivations and Antecedent Behaviors of Lone-Actor Terrorism

In this report, we explore the implications of shifting the focus from individual qualities (who we think terrorists “are”) to a consideration of the situational qualities of lone-actor terrorist behavior – in other words, what lone-actor terrorists do in the commission of a terrorist attack and how they do it.

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