Congress has directed the DHS Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans to report on the end-to-end enforcement lifecycle. OIS’s Enforcement Lifecycle methodology matches unique border encounters to their associated enforcement outcomes.
The FY 2020 report describes the final or most current outcomes, as of March 31, 2020, associated with the 3.5 million Southwest Border encounters occurring between 2014 and 2019. Overall, 59 percent of Southwest Border encounters had been resolved through a final outcome of repatriation or relief/protection from removal as of the end of 2020 Q2. Repatriations accounted for 51 percent of encounters (or 1.8 million) versus 49 percent (or 1.7 million) of encounters that had no confirmed departure, including 8.1 percent that had been granted relief or other protection from removal (284,000 encounters). The report analyzes outcomes for different groups of encounters, including breakdowns by nationality, family status, and whether or not the alien made a fear claim.