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Migrant Protection Protocols

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DHS Terminates MPP and Continues to Process Individuals Who Were Enrolled in MPP Into the United States to Complete Their Immigration Proceedings

On February 11, 2021, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced a plan to process into the United States certain individuals who had been returned to Mexico under the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) and have pending cases before the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). Beginning on February 19, 2021, DHS started phase one of its effort to restore safe and orderly processing at the Southwest Border.

Individuals should not approach the border to access this process. Registration is available online through Once individuals are contacted by facilitating organizations, in-person intake occurs away from ports of entry. We strongly discourage anyone from approaching the border without proper documentation or instructions to present themselves at a specific port of entry. Individuals who attempt to cross illegally are putting themselves and their families at risk, especially during a global pandemic.

On June 01, 2021, following a careful review of the program as directed by the President in Executive Order 14010, the Secretary of Homeland Security made a determination that MPP be terminated. This announcement does not impact this phased strategy for the safe and orderly entry into the United States of certain individuals enrolled in MPP. Registration for this process continues to be available through

What is MPP and what changed?

­The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) were initiated in 2019. Under this program, certain individuals who arrived at the Southwest Border were returned to Mexico pursuant to Section 235(b)(2)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to await removal proceedings under Section 240 of the INA. DHS suspended new enrollment into the program on January 21, 2021.

As outlined in the President’s executive actions, the United States is committed to reforming our immigration system, addressing the root causes of migration, and ensuring safe, orderly, and humane processing at our border. Addressing individuals in MPP with on-going removal proceedings is an initial step in achieving these goals. DHS is collaborating with the Departments of State and Justice, as well as international and non-governmental organizations. Under this effort, these international organizations will administer a triaging system to identify, prioritize, and transport individuals to select ports of entry consistent with our capacity to safely process them at those ports. This process is currently designed for a limited number of individuals with pending removal proceedings before the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) who were returned to Mexico under MPP. There are approximately 25,000 individuals in the MPP program with proceedings pending before EOIR.

What are the general steps in this process?

First, individuals may register for intake via an online support hub, where they will be asked to provide basic information to confirm eligibility. Through the support hub, they can ask questions about the process of their case. There will also be a telephone hotline to answer questions and offer support. The support hub is available via:, and registration went live on February 19, 2021. This hub is operated by facilitating organizations with the support of the U.S. government.

Next, facilitating organizations will transmit registration information to DHS to verify that the individual has an on-going removal proceeding pursuant to MPP and is eligible for this facilitated process. DHS will respond with a positive or negative indicator based on several data points to inform the facilitating organizations whether an individual is eligible to enter the United States as part of this process. DHS has provided criteria to facilitating organizations to prioritize individuals based on duration of their enrollment in MPP and other vulnerability factors.

Once confirmed as having a pending immigration court case, individuals will be contacted by facilitating organizations and provided instructions for accessing a designated staging location, where they will complete a health questionnaire and undergo testing for COVID-19. Individuals who test negative will be sheltered and receive further assistance in preparation for U.S. processing. Those who test positive will be supported by facilitating organizations to isolate and/or seek treatment in line with the policy of the relevant local health authority in Mexico. Following isolation and screening, such an individual will again be eligible for facilitated arrival at a designated port of entry. At the staging site, facilitating organizations will provide EOIR-33 Change of Address forms and offer additional legal services and support.

Individuals who complete the testing and screening requirements above will be transported from the staging site to the designated port of entry for processing into the United States. If they completed the Change of Address form, DHS will use this form to administratively move their case to the immigration court closest to the migrant’s identified address. Unless an individual presents a national security or public safety concern, the individual will generally be assessed for enrollment in an alternative-to-detention program, released by DHS, and provided instructions for contacting U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) at their destination.

Am I able to use this process?

This process is available to a limited set of individuals. Only those who were returned to Mexico under MPP and have pending immigration proceedings can use this process. Individuals returned to Mexico who do not currently have pending proceedings will not be processed into the United States at this time. Case status information is available on the EOIR website in English and Spanish (under “Automated Case Information” on the right side). This process is not currently available for individuals who have received a final order of removal or have had their cases terminated.

For those who believe they may have been enrolled in MPP and have a pending immigration proceeding before EOIR, they can register through the virtual hub at Individuals should not take any action at this time and should remain where they are to await further instructions. Facilitating organizations will confirm the status of their removal proceedings and once confirmed, they will receive instructions on entry protocols.

How is DHS protecting individuals and communities against COVID-19?

The Administration’s policy is to protect our national and border security, address the humanitarian challenges at the U.S.-Mexico border, and ensure public health and safety. Resolving the plight of vulnerable migrants at our borders is aligned with both our national interests and our values as a nation. The United States will prioritize the public health and safety of our communities, U.S. government personnel, and migrants throughout the process.

DHS will employ all necessary safety precautions in accordance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidance, including mandatory face coverings and social distancing. Individuals processed through this program will be tested for COVID-19 before entering the United States. At staging sites, facilitating organizations will use antigen testing for COVID-19, temperature checks, and health questionnaires to determine whether individuals intended to be presented at ports of entry have COVID-19 or other communicable diseases.

After being cleared, facilitating organizations will transport individuals to designated ports of entry in accordance with applicable physical distancing guidelines. Surgical masks will be provided for any individual who lacks an appropriate face covering. The facilitating organizations will also provide each individual the same CDC instructions given to international air travelers. DHS will only process individuals consistent with its capacity to safely do so while fully executing its important national security and trade and travel facilitation missions.

How can I register?

A virtual registration process, accessible online from any location, opened on February 19, 2021 via: Once registered, individuals enrolled in MPP determined to have pending cases before EOIR will be provided additional information about where and when to present themselves at staging sites. Facilitating organizations will support individuals in the program and ready them for processing into the United States.

Approaching the border on your own or waiting near ports of entry is dangerous and discouraged. Registration for this process does not happen at the border, but through the virtual hub and intake interview with facilitating organization staff.

Where is this happening?

Processing of individuals enrolled in MPP with pending immigration proceedings is occurring at several sites. Once registered individuals are staged, provided information, and tested for COVID-19, they are scheduled with appointments and transported by facilitating organizations to designated ports of entry. DHS began processing scheduled cases at the San Ysidro port of entry (San Diego, CA) on February 19, 2021; the Gateway International Bridge (Brownsville, TX) on February 25, 2021; the Paso del Norte port of entry (El Paso, TX) on February 26, 2021; the Hidalgo, TX port of entry on March 22, 2021; and the Laredo, TX port of entry on March 29, 2021. Beginning the week of April 19, cases will be processed at the Eagle Pass, TX port of entry. Together with partners on both sides of the border, DHS will consider additional sites.

As a reminder, intake for this process does not occur at the ports of entry, but through the website. Once registered, individuals will be instructed on where to go for staging and to be scheduled for processing at the ports. DHS plans to initially process limited numbers of individuals to identify and resolve any logistical challenges that may arise. DHS expects that in the coming days and weeks, designated ports of entry will be able to expand processing to their full capacity. This capacity will be consistent with the ability to safely process individuals and will depend on factors impacting our partners on both sides of the border. DHS will consider additional ports for this process over time, but registration will continue to be remote.

Physical presence at a port of entry does not offer access to this phased effort. Instead, individuals must register virtually at We strongly discourage anyone from approaching the border without proper documentation or instructions to present themselves at a specific port of entry. Anyone who attempts to cross illegally are putting themselves and their families at risk, especially during a global pandemic.

If I have an active removal proceeding and am not currently in Mexico, should I return to Mexico for processing?

Individuals enrolled in MPP who have pending proceedings before EOIR but are located in a country other than Mexico should remain where they are and first follow the directions to identify themselves through If your pending MPP case status is confirmed, you will receive specific instructions.

Once I am processed through the POE, how will I get to my next destination?

To the extent possible, individuals will need to arrange their own transportation. If needed, there are networks of non-governmental organizations that may be able to help arrange transportation and shelter in route to designated staging locations.

Are individuals vetted before entry?

The United States is continuing to strictly enforce our existing immigration laws and border security measures. DHS will follow existing protocols – including biometric checks – to confirm that individuals do not pose a threat to the American public. Anyone determined to pose a national security or public safety threat will be referred to ICE for a custody determination.

How long will this new process for individuals in MPP last?

DHS is working as expeditiously as possible but has not set a deadline by which the process will end. Any such determination would be made in consultation with partners.

What are the vulnerability criteria that facilitating organizations will use?

Facilitating organizations will generally prioritize individuals based on their enrollment date into MPP, while also considering other vulnerability criteria provided by DHS. Those who have been waiting the longest will generally be prioritized first, along with those who find themselves in particularly vulnerable situations.

What happens if the facilitating organization cannot verify my case status?

Facilitating organizations will request more information and contact CBP to seek resolution.

What happens when my case is completed?

This new process is about ensuring that individuals who were returned to Mexico under MPP can proceed with their immigration proceedings in the United States. Entry into the United States through this process does not guarantee the right to stay in the United States, nor does it impact eligibility for relief or protection from removal. The process, however, will facilitate an individual’s ability to appear before an immigration judge and have their claims heard. If a claim is denied, and any appeal process runs its course, the individual will be subject to removal from the United States.

How is DHS tracking individuals once they are processed into the United States?

The safety of the American public and all those we encounter remains a top priority. DHS will make a risk-based determination to take into custody or enroll certain individuals into alternative-to-detention (ATD) programs at the port of entry. Otherwise, ICE will consider enrolling these individuals into ATD or other case management programs after the migrants arrive at their final destination.

What happens if I attempt to cross the border in between ports of entry instead of being scheduled through the established process?

This process is meant to ensure that all eligible individuals are processed into the United States in a fair and efficient manner consistent with public health measures. DHS strongly discourages anyone from circumventing the established process facilitated by international organizations. Individuals should not approach the border without proper documentation or attempt to cross illegally between ports of entry.

If you have been returned to Mexico under MPP and are encountered between the ports of entry, or otherwise attempt to enter the United States without inspection or parole, you will be apprehended and processed according to all applicable immigration laws and border security priorities, which include detention and removal. Any individual who illegally enters the United States and is placed into removal proceedings, or any individual who has previously been ordered removed from the United States, may be considered inadmissible to the United States in the future.

Additional Resources

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Last Published Date: June 1, 2021

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