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Lawful Permanent Residents

Lawful permanent residents (LPRs), also known as “green card” holders, are non-citizens who are lawfully authorized to live permanently within the United States. LPRs may accept an offer of employment without special restrictions, own property, receive financial assistance at public colleges and universities, and join the Armed Forces. They also may apply to become U.S. citizens if they meet certain eligibility requirements. The Immigration and Nationality Act provides several broad classes of admission for foreign nationals to gain LPR status, the largest of which focuses on admitting immigrants for the purpose of family reunification. Other major categories include economic and humanitarian immigrants, as well as immigrants from countries with relatively low levels of immigration to the United States.

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Office of Homeland Security Statistics Resources

Report Title (Link to Report) Report Description
Yearbook of Immigration Statistics This annual report and its supplemental tables include a collection of tables that provides data on foreign nationals who were granted lawful permanent residence. The Yearbook also includes tables on those who were admitted into the United States on a temporary basis; applied for asylum or refugee status; or were naturalized; or who were the subject of enforcement actions, including noncitizen inadmissibility determinations, apprehensions, removals, and returns.
Lawful Permanent Residents Annual Flow Report This annual report presents information obtained from LPR applications, on the number and characteristics of persons who became LPRs in the United States, providing information such as country of birth, state and core-based statistical area of residence, age and sex, and type and class of admission.
State Immigration Data Sheets This annual set of tables provides 10 years of data for each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, with data on total, new arrival, and adjustment LPRs, including raw counts and per capita counts, along with state rankings for each within each year. They also include data on I-94 nonimmigrant arrivals; naturalizations; refugee arrivals; and total asylum grants (affirmative and defensive combined).
Estimates of the Lawful Permanent Resident Population in the United States This report has annual estimates of the LPR population living in the United States.
Legal Immigration Adjustment of Status Report This quarterly report provides tables with preliminary legal immigration counts based on data available one month after the reporting period and details the number of adjustments of immigration status, presenting data broken out by type of adjustment, type and detailed class of admission, and country of nationality.
Profiles on Lawful Permanent Residents These tables provide detailed profiles of selected demographic characteristics of immigrants who became LPRs by fiscal year. Profiles are available by country of birth, state of residence, and core based statistical area of residence.
Lawful Permanent Resident Class of Admission List This list provides the classes of admission for foreign nationals to gain LPR status.
Estimated LPR Population and Number Eligible to Naturalize among Recent Arrivals by County, Top 50 Core Based Statistical Areas: January 1, 2022 This report provides estimates of the recent LPR population and subpopulation eligible to naturalize living in the top 50 core-based statistical area, including county-level breakdowns within those areas as of January 1, 2022.
Yearbook Tables 8-11 Expanded (Adjustments of Status and New Arrivals): FY 2006-2022 These tables are expanded versions of Tables 8 through 11 from each Yearbook of Immigration Statistics to distinguish between Adjustments of Status and New Arrivals.
Lawful Permanent Residents by Type, Broad Class of Admission, and Sex and Broad Age Group: Top 20 States: FY 2018-2022 This file provides state-level data for the top 20 states of residence of new lawful permanent residents: Expanded version of two panels of Table 9 (sex and broad age group) of the Yearbook of Immigration Statistics to distinguish between Adjustments of Status and New Arrivals.
Lawful Permanent Residents by Country of Birth and Major Class of Admission: FY 2005-2022 These tables provide lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs) and derivative (spouses and children) employment-based LPRs by country of birth and major class of admission.
New Lawful Permanent Residents by State, County, Country of Birth, and Major Class of Admission (Top 200 Counties only): 2007-2022 These tables are county-level data for the top 200 counties of residence of new Lawful Permanent Residents by major class of admission and country of birth.
Adjustments to Lawful Permanent Residence by Year of Entry: FY 2000-2022 This table has data on year of entry into the United States of those adjusting to LPR status for the top 10 countries of birth and by world regions.
COVID-19 Vulnerability by Immigration Status

This report presents population estimates by four categories of immigration status — LPRs, resident nonimmigrants, refugees and asylees, and unauthorized immigrants — and addresses unique COVID-19-related risks each status group may face.

Last Updated: 02/01/2024
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