While S&T programs focus on different topics—screening, border control, floods, bioterrorism, the next generation first responder and others—they will all share common infrastructure requirements. HSARPA's Science and Technology Engines (Engines) tap S&T subject matter experts and technology developers to provide program-specific support. Their primary role is to provide a centralized suite of reusable products and support services individually tailored to the S&T program needs by identifying and sharing best practices, subject matter expertise, knowledge products and technical services. This allows program managers to focus on big-picture, new technology development while they address individual requirements and generally advance the state of technology for all of S&T in their field.
The Identity and Access Management Engine (IDAM-E), working with Rutgers University, has developed a prototype of a privacy respecting screening capability to detect individuals, behaviors, areas, or data samples of high interest . This capability will increase passenger safety by detecting unexpected or anomalous individuals and behaviors while preserving the privacy of data and individuals. The prototype can be used to detect fraudulent activity on the web and suspicious air travelers for high-risk screening based on their Transportation Security Administration (TSA) relevant travel data.
The Modeling and Simulation Engine (MS-E) executed and operated a Counter Small Unmanned Aerial Systems Advisory and Review Toolkit (C-SMART), a Program Executive Office for Unmanned Aerial Systems (PEO UAS) Modeling, Simulation and Analytics (MS&A) capability. C-SMART provides enhanced capabilities to the Homeland Security Enterprise, including the ability to optimize sensor layouts of Counter-UAS for specific events and infrastructure, conduct forensic analysis after engagements and enable stakeholders and decision makers to assess and improve the efficiency of UAS-related security postures.
The Situational Awareness and Decision Support Engine (SANDS-E) helped to develop and integrate a Smart Alert Engine (SALE) and low-cost Internet of Things (IoT) Flood sensors for Smart City early alerts, warnings and notifications. In conjunction with the Flood Apex program, SANDS-E expanded its initial Small Business Innovation Research (SIBR) IoT Flood sensor prototype by integrating it with the Lower Colorado River Authority and their initiative to develop early warning flood alerts. These efforts will allow both a mechanism to test and evaluate the SBIR IoT flood sensors in field pilots as well as refine the SALE rules-based triggers and alerts based upon a densified sensor network. This collaboration will also allow specific geo-targeted alerts be sent to mobile devices and smart phones within emergency management agencies and the industry.
Science and Technology Engine Goals
Services, solutions, access to subject matter experts, and knowledge will be applied and repurposed across multiple
projects, realizing cost savings compared with previous S&T approaches. Over time, the Engines’ collective experience and awareness of emerging technology trends will result in a robust knowledge base and network to continually serve the dynamic needs of S&T and the DHS enterprise. The objectives of the
Engines are to:
- Increase return on investment by benefiting multiple projects
- Reduce redundancy of multiple program solutions
- Accelerate impact of S&T projects
- Increase agility by adjusting to changing program needs
Director - Mr. Robert Schutz
Behavioral, Economics & Social Science Engine (BESS-E) will analyze the social and behavioral implications of new technologies, programs and policies to support their research, implementation and diffusion.
Biometric Technology Engine (BT-E) will inform applications of biometric technology to specific operational use cases across the Homeland Security Enterprise.
Communication & Network Technologies Engine (CN-E) provides integrated networking solutions, ensuring interoperable communication across all network platforms.
Data Analytics Engine (DA-E) uses emerging storage, security, computation and analytics technologies to create information leverage and rapidly convert data to decisions for Homeland Security systems, missions and operations.
Identity Access and Management Engine (IDAM-E) provides individuals and systems with a digital identity, credentials, authentication, and authorization to allow the right people the right data at the right time in a secure manner.
Modeling & Simulation Engine (MS-E) provides a repository for mission based models as well as modeling and simulation tools.
Situational Awareness & Decision Support Engine (SANDS-E) provides Apex programs with assured, secure access to databases (or knowledge bases), modeling and simulation tools and shared situational awareness.
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