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Election Security

Elections play a vital role in a free and fair society and are a cornerstone of American democracy. We recognize the fundamental link between the trust in election infrastructure and the confidence the American public places in basic democratic function. A secure and resilient electoral process is a vital national interest and one of our highest priorities at the Department of Homeland Security.

We are committed to working collaboratively with those on the front lines of elections – state and local government, election officials, federal partners and the vendor community – to manage risks to election infrastructure. We will remain transparent as well as agile to combat and secure our physical and cyber infrastructure against new and evolving threats.

“The American public’s confidence that their vote counts - and is counted correctly -- relies on secure election infrastructure”

- Kirstjen Nielsen
Secretary of Homeland Security

US Electoral Process

Infographic of the U.S. Electoral Process, including preelection activities, election day activities, and postelection activities.
U.S. Electoral Process Infographic (386.1 KB PDF)

What is Election Infrastructure?

Election Infrastructure includes but is not limited to:

  • Voter registration databases and associated IT systems
  • IT infrastructure and systems used to manage elections (such as the counting, auditing and displaying of election results, and post-election reporting to certify and validate results)
  • Voting systems and associated infrastructure
  • Storage facilities for election and voting system infrastructure
  • Polling places, to include early voting locations

Election Infrastructure does not include:

  • Political action committees
  • Campaigns
  • Or any other non-state or local government election related group

Election infrastructure was designated as part of the nation’s critical infrastructure as a subsector under the Government Facilities sector in January 2017. Under the designation, DHS --- through its Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) – provides an array of services that state and local election officials can utilize to reduce both cyber and physical risk to their election systems and facilities. The designation allows DHS to provide services on a prioritized basis at the request of state and local election officials. The designation also brings the structure and support of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) to bear on behalf of the election infrastructure community. NIPP advances critical infrastructure security and resilience through partnership and innovation.

Election Security is a Partnership

Securing election infrastructure is a partnership between federal, state and local government and private sector entities. DHS collaborates with federal departments and agencies, state and local government, election officials and other valued partners such as the National Association of Secretaries of State, National Association of State Election Directors, International Association of Government Officials, National Association of Election Officials and the Elections Assistance Commission. In partnering with these officials through both new and existing engagements, DHS and the involved partners both in the public and private sector are enhancing efforts to secure election systems.

State and Local Officials Roles and Responsibilities

America’s election processes are governed and administered by state and local election officials in thousands of jurisdictions across the country who:

  • Manage and secure election infrastructure on a day-to-day basis
  • Reduce risks and ensure the integrity of elections at the state and local level
  • Administer statewide voter registration databases, required by HAVA
  • Assist local election officials by providing training courses or materials on running elections in the state
  • Provide a process for testing and certifying voting equipment for use in the state
  • Disburse funds for the procurement of updated voting equipment and improvement of election administration procedures

DHS Roles and Responsibilities

  • Share timely, actionable threat information
  • Provide cybersecurity assistance, by request
  • Foster robust processes for coordination between the election community and Homeland Security officials
  • Develop and help deploy sensors to detect malicious activity, by request

Benefits of states and DHS partnership among election infrastructure

  • Rapid identification of imminent threats that prompts a timely understanding of threat
  • Quicker communication of identified threats that enables agile defense
  • Cost-effective security force multipliers for all participants

Our Election Services

CISA's services are available at no cost to the state and local government and officials. All services we provide are available upon request and are strictly voluntary, CISA only provides services when requested by state and local election officials.

Key areas of our services include the following:

  • Cybersecurity Advisors and Protective Security Advisors, regionally located personnel who offer state and local governments, as well as private sector partners, immediate and sustained assistance, coordination, and outreach to prepare for and protect from cyber and physical threats.
  • Cybersecurity Assessments, such as Cyber Hygiene Scanning, Risk and Vulnerability Assessment, and Cyber Resilience Reviews.
  • Detection and Prevention, such as Cyber Threat Hunting and Enhanced Cyber Services.
  • Information Sharing and Awareness, such as National Cyber Awareness System alerts and advisories, and the Homeland Security Information Network portal.
  • Incident Response, provides 24/7 intrusion analysis in response to cyber incident.
  • Training and Career Development, including the Federal Virtual Training Environment (FedVTE) cybersecurity training, and National Initiative for Cybersecurity Careers and Studies Catalog.

Additional Resources

Coordinating Councils

Government Coordinating Council

The Government Coordinating Council (GCC) enables local, state, and federal governments to share information and collaborate on best practices to mitigate and counter threats1 to election infrastructure.

Specifically, the EIS GCC provides for interagency, intergovernmental, and cross-jurisdictional coordination within the Election Infrastructure Subsector and between this subsector and other sectors identified in Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21 on “Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience.” The EIS GCC is composed of primarily election official representatives from across various levels of government as appropriate to depict the operating landscape of the Election Infrastructure Subsector.

Sector Coordinating Council

The mission of the Sector Coordinating Council (SCC) is to advance the physical security, cyber security, and emergency preparedness of the nation’s election infrastructure, in accordance with existing U.S. law. This mission will be accomplished through voluntary actions of the infrastructure owners and operators represented in the Council, as set forth in Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21 and related authorities. The EISCC will serve as the principal asset owner interface with other private critical infrastructure sectors as well as with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC), the state, local and tribal governments (SLTTs), and the Election Infrastructure Subsector Government Coordinating Council (GCC).

Learn, Get Assistance, and Collaborate

Last Published Date: March 5, 2019

Election Security News & Updates RSS Icon

Jul 25

Today, following the release of the Senate Intelligence Committee's first report examining Russian interference in the 2016 Presidential Election, Assistant Director Bob Kolasky from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Election Assistance Commission Chairwoman Christy McCormick, National Association of Secretaries of State President and Iowa Secretary of State Paul Pate, and Keith Ingram, President, National Association of State Election Directors and Director of Elections, Texas Secretary of State, David Stafford, Escambia County Supervisor of Elections, all members of the Government Coordinating Council Executive Committee, and Sector Coordinating Council Chairman Chris Wlaschin and Vice-Chairman Bryan Finney issued the following joint statement.

Jul 11

Director of National Intelligence Daniel R. Coats, Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Kevin K. McAleenan, Federal Bureau of Investigation Director Christopher A. Wray, U.S. Cyber Command Commander and National Security Agency Director Gen. Paul M. Nakasone, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Director Christopher C. Krebs, Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Global Security Kenneth P. Rapuano today issued the following statement after holding two classified briefings on election security, one for members of the United States House of Representatives and one for members of the United States Senate.

Feb 5

Acting Attorney General Matthew G. Whitaker and Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen M. Nielsen submitted a joint report to President Donald J. Trump on February 4, 2019 evaluating the impact of any foreign interference on election infrastructure or the infrastructure of political organizations, including campaigns and candidates in the 2018-midterm elections.

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