US flag signifying that this is a United States Federal Government website   Official website of the Department of Homeland Security

Homeland Security

Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Projects

picture of turbines and wires

These research projects work to improve and increase the nation's preparedness for and response to natural and man-made threats through superior situational awareness, emergency response capabilities and critical infrastructure protection.

 

 

Back To Top


Advanced Surveillance Systems Project

Project Manager: T. Michael Blair

Project Overview: This project develops advanced surveillance technologies for critical infrastructure to detect intrusion, casing, and other physical disruption. In addition, the project will investigate technologies that will be able to analyze, predict, and detect indications of threats during the hostile reconnaissance stage by use of uniform suspicious activity reporting of indicators, such as placement of unattended packages and other surreptitious intelligence gathering efforts in mass transit environments. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Building Infrastructure Protection Series (BIPS)

Project Manager: Mila Kennett

Project Overview: This project promotes an integrated approach to all hazards design and consists of a series of publications and community tools. These publications and tools are focused on protecting the built environment and expanding the understanding of how lives can be saved, and buildings and structures remain operational in the aftermath of a disaster event. This project is working with the public and private sector to increase the performance and resilience of the built environment with an all hazards approach. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Structural Resilience Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Blast Analysis of Complex Structures

Project Manager: Mila Kennett

Project Overview: This project develops computational tools to quickly calculate structural responses to a range of explosives. Provides methods for blast engineers to calculate blast loads in dense urban environments and perform calculations to estimate the relationship between environmental conditions and blast loads. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Structural Resilience Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Blast/Projectile - Protective Measures and Design Tools Project

Project Manager: Dr. John Fortune

Project Overview:  This project will provide protective measures along with design guidance for protecting the Nation’s most critical infrastructure assets. Protective measures may include mechanisms to reduce blast effects, rapid mitigation and restoration technologies, and other defensive measures. In addition, the project plans to numerically analyze designs against blast and projectile threats and to conduct physical demonstrations to assess their effectiveness. This work will seek to mature and expand existing protective measures by making them less expensive, easier to apply, and more effective, and will develop entirely new materials and design concepts for additional classes of infrastructure. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Blast/Projectile - Unified Blast Analysis Tool Project

Project Manager: Dr. John Fortune      

Project Overview: This project provides improved modeling capabilities and faster running codes to facilitate accurate analysis of the impact of blast and projectile threats to diverse classes of infrastructure, with a focus on tunnels, bridges, dams, and complex urban environments. Improving modeling capabilities and building fast-running models will enable owners and operators to efficiently analyze vulnerabilities and inform implementation of protective measures.  Fast-running codes will reduce simulation time from days to hours/minutes. This project is within the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Common Operating Picture (COP) Data Fusion Technologies Project

Project Manager: Herbert Engle/ Honore Nyuyse

Project Overview: This project will develop technologies and tools to integrate, analyze, and visualize multiple information sources to rapidly assess the nature, composition, and pattern of threats and to address public safety practitioner requirements.  The project will also evaluate the present state of data fusion technologies and homeland security requirements and define the path forward for future technology development.  The goal is to build collective situational awareness and address capability gaps in the information sharing backbone across DHS components and the homeland security enterprise. Current initiatives include the Critical Infrastructure Inspection Management System (CIIMS), developed and piloted to manage the targeted inspection and real time reporting on the security of critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR); The Real-time Evacuation Planning Model (RtePM), which automatically calculates the evacuation time of a user defined area based upon the transportation network, population data, and behavioral characteristics to provide emergency planners the ability to effectively plan for and manage evacuations; and the Symbol Store, which will provide web-based tools and services to support standardization of mapping symbology across multiple organizations across the homeland security community. The project is within the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Visual Analytics Technologies Branch of the  Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Complex Event Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis (CEMSA) Project

Project Manager: Dr. Nabil Adam

Project Overview: This project focuses on interdependencies, cascading effects, and the dynamics of multi-event and multi-vector attacks. CEMSA will provide significant improvements in timelines, quality, and usability of information to provide decision makers up-to-date information to make informed decisions during an event. The project will leverage the capabilities developed for Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System (CIPDSS) and sector-specific modeling, simulation, and analysis (MSA). The project is within the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the  Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Disaster Management Support Environment (DMSE) Project

Project Manager: Lawrence Skelly

Project Overview: This joint S&T-FEMA project will be comprised of work in the following areas: (1) software system security; (2) content management; (3) user-machine interface (GUI); (4) data sharing between disaster response legacy applications and the DMSE geospatial viewer; (5) acquisition life cycle documentation; (6) improved disaster field operations support for Urban Search & Rescue and field disaster assistance teams. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the  Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Geospatial Analytics in Support of Federal Air Marshal Service Project (Formerly, Suspicious Activity Reporting)

Project Manager: Stephen Knox

Project Overview: This project develops technologies that will detect, forecast, and disrupt future terrorist attacks and criminal activity – leveraging predictive analytic algorithms and software developed for the Department of Defense community, which successfully ‘predict’ improvised explosive device locations in Iraq and Afghanistan.  The system will change the manual review of tens of thousands of Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs) to an automated system of semantic clustering of SARs to detect hidden trends and patterns, and create real-time statistical models to visually quantify and assess threats to mass transit to enable forecast of tactics and locations of terrorist and criminal activities.  This capability provides the Federal Air Marshal Service with actionable guidance on the most effective location and allocation of agents to place on high risk flights as well as provides them with increased knowledge of the tactics and procedures of the adversary. This project is within the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Geospatial Location Accountability and Navigation System for Emergency Responders (GLANSER) Project

Project Manager: Jalal Mapar

Project Overview: This project develops an advanced first responder locating system. It builds on efforts in previous years by including integrated sensor components and software for visualizing locations and tracks for incident commanders, using building diagrams, floor maps, and office/apartment location; and securely connects to emergency operations centers. GLANSER will enable incident commanders and decision makers to visually track responders to enhance overall situational awareness. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Integrated Data Processing and Analysis Project

Project Manager: Bruce Baicar

Project Overview: This project provides information sharing capabilities for State and local law enforcement through development efforts with the Automated Regional Justice Information Center (ARJIS) in San Diego, California and the International Justice and Public Safety Network (Nlets). This project develops scalable technologies for the integrated analysis of free text, database records, audio, video, imagery, transactional data, geographical data, and sensor information. This project will develop new visual analytic techniques for an officer’s environment whether he or she is in the office, using a mobile appliance, or working at a large wall-mounted touch screen. This provides all officers with the same tools regardless of where they are, while at the same time allowing customization based on user and context. This approach promotes easy integration into many regional law enforcement agencies and ready adoption into their operational environments. Research for Nlets will enhance officer safety by providing a variety of methods to help identify known criminals. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Integrated Rapid Visual Tool (IRVS) Project

Project Manager: Mila Kennett

Project Overview: The IRVS tool is a rapid visual screening procedure developed to assess the risk to a tunnel, mass transit station, or building due to a terrorist attack, and evaluates the potential catastrophic losses (fatalities, injuries, damage, and business interruption). IRVS will be a simple and quick tool for obtaining a preliminary risk assessment rating. Risk scores are computed and provided with the visual inspection information to law enforcement, agencies, emergency managers, and architects to address and mitigate the risks. IRVS for buildings addresses chemical/biological/radiological/explosives (CBRE), earthquake, winds, floods and fires. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Structural Resilience Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Kentucky Critical Infrastructure Protection Institute Program (KCI)

Project Manager: T. Michael Blair

Project Overview: This program focuses on the research, development, and transfer to practical utilization of technologies designed to protect the nation's community-based critical infrastructures.  KCI addresses the development of technologies that support capacities to detect, avoid, deter, protect against, respond to and recover from infrastructure disruptions. KCI is funded by DHS and is managed by the National Institute for Hometown Security (NIHS). Research projects are accomplished through the Kentucky Homeland Security University Consortium, which consists of all public universities in Kentucky and private universities and colleges affiliated with the Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities. NIHS works in cooperation with DHS to support KCI, which generates solutions that have applications national in scope. KCI is a research and development enterprise that involves DHS, academia, and the private sector. KCI seeks to develop homeland security technologies that can be quickly commercialized and has initiated several research and development projects since the program's inception. For more information, please visit the NIHS Web site.

Back To Top


Law Enforcement Data Fusion Project

Project Manager: Steve Knox

Project Overview: This project develops comprehensive sensor-fusion standards and protocols for sharing sensor information between traditional law enforcement organizations and intelligence partners. This project will develop geospatial predictive analytics tools and aid law enforcement agencies in combatting terrorism, gangs, and conventional crime activity before an event occurs. This project uses statistical algorithms, geospatial predictive analytics to analyze the location of historically documented incidents and the features of the environment that influence or constrain events to forecast the locations of future events. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


National CIP R&D Plan

Project Manager: Dr. Mary Ellen Hynes

Project Overview: This project provides a national research and development (R&D) agenda for the protection and resilience of national critical infrastructure.  The National CIP R&D Plan is an annually updated document that is required by Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7 (HSPD-7). It is a mechanism for a coordinated national R&D program yielding the greatest value across a broad range of interests and requirements.  It provides a tool for the White House and Congressional bodies to advise R&D budget priorities and for R&D providers to guide investment in technologies that support long term infrastructure protection and resiliency needs.  The plan focus includes current and emerging infrastructure development, protection and resiliency, leadership in guiding the renewal of aging infrastructures and key assets, and advancing security, energy conservation, and sustainable infrastructure goals.  The Plan provides the sustained science, engineering, and technology base needed to prevent or minimize the impact of future terrorist attacks and natural disasters (all-hazards) on physical and cyber infrastructure systems. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Structural Resilience Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Overhead Imagery Data Project

Project Manager: Dr. Bruce Davis

Project Overview: This project develops advanced geographic information science (GIScience) techniques to support the application of remote sensing, image processing, geographic information systems, digital cartography, and spatial modeling for disaster management and hazards research. The project provides tools that optimize the use of airborne and space-borne sensor systems and build a comprehensive understanding of the magnitude and severity of disasters. The Overhead Imagery Data project will evaluate a wide range of remote sensing technologies, develop custom products to address hazard-specific questions, and determine the best source for customer identified requirements, and deliver a product when and where needed. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Owner Performance Requirements (OPR) Project

Project Manager: Mila Kennett

Project Overview: This web-based tool allows building owners (public and private sector) to analyze a range of high-performance requirements (blast protection, security, energy conservation and renewal, environmental sustainability, durability, and continuity of operations) to meet their business case model or mission. It lets owners evaluate the effects of changing goals and select the optimal outcome in terms of resilience and cost. The OPR Tool helps owners set requirements, view results, understand interactions and cost, and develop an analysis-based plan for the design team. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and Structural Resilience Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Physiological Health Assessment Sensor for Emergency responders (PHASER) Project

Project Manager: Jalal Mapar

Project Overview:   This project develops an integrated sensor package that will monitor a responder’s vital signs such as cardiac rhythm, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and oxygen saturation, which could indicate Pre-Ventricular Contractions (PVCs) or cardiac arrhythmias. First responders need a highly reliable metric and notification system for on-scene identification of firefighters who are about to experience an immediate heart attack or other life-threatening condition. This project plans to fuse these measurements to establish the physical health of the responder based on a set of metrics, and warn both the wearer and command staff to potential life threatening physiological conditions. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Rapid Mitigation and Recovery Project

Project Manager: Dr. William Laska and Dr. John Fortune

Project Overview: This project develops rapid mitigation and recovery technologies for critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) assets to limit damage and consequences, and quickly resume normal operations. This project includes basic and applied research activities. The basic research portion will focus on longer-term needs and will investigate failure mechanisms and rapid repair techniques for dams. The applied research portion focuses on near-term needs of the Office of Infrastructure Protection; specifically it will develop protective technologies to mitigate damage to a railcar from a puncture or small-caliber weapon impact. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Recovery Transformer Project

Project Manager: Sarah Mahmood

Project Overview: This project will develop a prototype extra high voltage (EHV) transformer that will be able to be quickly delivered to a site, via a series of low-boy trailers and semi-trucks, installed, assembled and energized in seven days as compared to several weeks or even months for traditional transformers, for increased grid resiliency and rapid recovery in the event of an emergency. Traditional transformers are very large, making them difficult to transport, mostly manufactured overseas and can have significant procurement delays. This project will provide a capability to increase the resiliency of the power grid. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and Structural Resilience Program of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Resilient Electric Grid Project

Project Manager: Sarah Mahmood

Project Overview: This project will develop technology that will enable the interconnection of power substations to share power and assets and increase resiliency, while eliminating the concern of potentially dangerous fault currents. The existing electric grid is highly susceptible to brownouts and blackouts. The Nation needs to “keep the lights on” in the event of a terrorist attack, weather, etc. to protect key sectors of the economy and the public. The project will develop an inherently fault current limiting, high temperature superconducting (IFCL-HTS) cable for electric grid resiliency. This cable will help the electric utilities manage fault currents that can cause cascading blackouts and permanent damage to electrical equipment, potentially saving billions of U.S. dollars annually, while allowing for advances in traditional operation by connecting substations together so utilities can share assets and capacity and increase redundancies in the system.

This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection and Structural Resilience Technology Branch of the of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Resilient Tunnel Project

Project Manager: Dr. John Fortune

Project Overview: This project develops technologies that can reduce the vulnerability of transportation tunnels to flooding, fires, and smoke as a result of a terrorist attack or natural disaster.  The project is developing and testing inflatable tunnel plugs to protect mass transit tunnels. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Searchable Toner and Printing Ink Library

Project Manager: Dr. Kai-Dee Chu

Project Overview: Following the success of the Digital Writing Ink Library, S&T, partnering with the United States Secret Service (USSS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and National Institute of Justice continues to build a digital library for toner and inkjet to aid law enforcement identify fraudulent documents. This project creates a fully searchable library of printing media to conduct comparisons of questioned documents with genuine specimens. This project will not only benefit DHS components such as ICE and USSS, but also provide efficient forensic analysis to state and local law enforcement agencies. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and then Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Southeast Region Research Initiative (SERRI)

Project Manager: Mike Matthews

Project Overview: SERRI offers community-based, regionally-deployed solutions to homeland security challenges. It is a pilot research and development program that aims to assist State, local, and tribal leaders in the developing tools and methods required to anticipate and forestall terrorist events and to enhance disaster response. The initiative addresses the capability gaps and required needs through science and technology to develop and deliver enduring and focused technical and practical capabilities for State, local, and private sectors, who share common regional homeland security issues and needs. The states include Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. This program is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Seismic Activity Detection Data Collection, Analysis, Alert and Warning Project

Project Manager: Dr. Bruce Davis

Project Overview: This project will reduce the impact of major earthquake events through the development of technologies that address current gaps in earthquake forecasting, alert, and warning identified by response agencies. This project will develop new analytical techniques that utilize satellite and airborne remote sensing and ground sensor networks to form an integrated capability.  The project will enable a significant improvement in alert/warning time for State and local response agencies from hours to minutes.  This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Sport-Evac Simulation Project

Project Manager: Mike Matthews

Project Overview: This project is being developed and tested by the National Center for Spectator Sports Safety & Security (NCSS) at the University of Southern Mississippi (Southern Miss), which is part of the Southeast Region Research Initiative (SERRI). Southern Miss developers are creating virtual, three-dimensional “e-stadiums”, with up to 70,000 avatars—animated human agents programmed to respond to threats. The simulation includes stadium workers, first responders, and objects, such as a fire truck or a fans car, and generates scenarios both probable and improbable. By simulating how sports fans would behave in the minutes following an attack, SportEvac will help security experts across the country plan, train, and answer key questions: How can the stadium be evacuated in the shortest time? How can civil emergency workers quickly get in as fans are dashing out? How can stadium guards and ushers provide valuable information to first responders and assist them as the evacuation unfolds? This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection and Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of theof the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Standard Unified Modeling Mapping Integrated Toolkit (SUMMIT) Project

Project Manager: Jalal Mapar

Project Overview: This project allows emergency preparedness and management personnel to easily and rapidly discover, integrate, configure, execute, and view the results of the Nation’s modeling and simulation resources and related data. The SUMMIT tool is the principle component of the Integrated Modeling, Mapping, and Simulation (IMMS) program. The IMMS program is enhancing the use of science-based tools for the emergency preparedness and management community. By creating an environment that allows linking of “best-in-class” modeling and simulation tools and underlying data, IMMS aims to decrease the time and cost needed to train for, analyze, and respond to real or potential incidents—while increasing preparedness effectiveness. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Response and Law Enforcement Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Underwater Surveillance Project

Project Manager: Dr. John Fortune and T. Michael Blair

Project Overview: This project includes basic and applied research activities. The basic research studies bubble jetting resulting from underwater explosions and its impact on vertical structures (such as dam spillway gates and navigation locks), and then determines appropriate standoff distances for submerged targets, thus defining which areas require surveillance. The applied research provides advanced, automated, affordable underwater monitoring and surveillance technologies to detect underwater threats against dams and tunnels. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Unified Incident Command and Decision Support (UICDS) Project

Project Manager: Michael Smith/Lawrence Skelly

Project Overview:  UICDS is a national “middleware foundation” designed to support information sharing for the National Response Framework (NRF) and the National Incident Management System, including the Incident Command System. UICDS middleware is transparent to emergency management system users during operation and requires no special training. It shares data across applications on a wide variety of emergency response hardware, as it is built around data standards and the National Information Exchange (NIEM). It enables information sharing between incident command systems and multi-agency coordination that provide common situational awareness and decision support during all types of incidents. UICDS enables multiple responding organizations (using their own equipment) to jointly manage personnel, direct equipment, and seamlessly communicate, gather, store, redistribute, and secure any mission-critical information needed by incident commanders and emergency responders during an emergency situation. For more information please visit www.uicds.us. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Visual and Data Analytics Project

Project Manager: Dr. Joseph Kielman

Project Overview: This project develops novel tools to rapidly and easily collect, process, present, and understand massive amounts of data from multiple, distributed sources. Those data exist in multiple forms and modes – database information, message traffic, text documents, but also imagery, video, and sensor or instrumentation data. These analytics tools deal with large, continuous amounts of dynamic, streaming data and enables real-time understanding and decision-making. They include Visualization tools that focus on presenting, interacting with, and understanding information; Data-handling capabilities relying on data-intensive computing and discrete mathematics to process, manage, and analyze dynamic data; Data normalization capabilities for combining, integrating, and synthesizing multiple types of data; Information environments tailored to specific users and applications and combining real data with models and simulations to enable prediction and testing of potential responses. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and the Visual Analytics Technologies Branch of the of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Wide Area Surveillance Project

Project Manager: Dr. John Fortune

Project Overview: This project investigates novel sensors and systems for use in densely populated infrastructure settings and urban landscapes (e.g., airports, train stations, city streets and squares) to provide continuous surveillance of the Nation’s highest priority infrastructure. This project is developing a prototype wide area surveillance system for persistent surveillance based on high resolution camera technology and innovative data processing, known as the Imaging System for Immersive Surveillance (ISIS). The ISIS system is intended to fill a void in wide-area, persistence surveillance by providing high resolution imagery throughout an entire scene, coupled with detection and video processing algorithms. This project is part of the Infrastructure Protection Thrust Area and the Protection and Mitigation Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top


Wild Fire Detection and Prediction Project

Project Manager: Dr. Bruce Davis

Project Overview: This project develops the tools to improve the use of remote sensing systems including advanced image processing techniques.  This project will improve the capability of fire modeling systems to detect, locate, and then predict the magnitude of wild fires to enable rapid containment and help prevent wildland-urban interface (WUI) fire disasters. This project is part of the Disaster Management Thrust Area and then Disaster Management Technologies Branch of the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division.

Back To Top

For more information, e-mail the Science and Technology Directorate's Infrastructure and Geophysical Division at sandt.idd@dhs.gov.

Last Published Date: December 27, 2012
Back to Top