Human trafficking involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion in exchange for labor, services, or a commercial sex act.
Causing someone under the age of 18 to engage in a commercial sex act, regardless of using force, fraud, or coercion is human trafficking under U.S. law. Human traffickers use various forms of force, fraud, and coercion to control and exploit victims. These forms include imposing of debt, fraudulent employment opportunities, false promises of love or a better life, psychological coercion, and violence or threats of violence.
The crime of human trafficking hinges on the exploitation of another person. People often falsely believe “human trafficking” implies victims must be moved from one place to another to qualify as a victim. Human trafficking does not require transportation to be considered a crime. It is a crime that can be committed against an individual who has never left his or her hometown.
You can help play a role in ending human trafficking by learning key indicators of the crime, raising awareness of human trafficking within your community or industry, and reporting suspected trafficking incidents. Individuals working in particular industries or with specific audiences may be more likely to observe human trafficking by nature of their day-to-day job duties or surroundings. Use the menu on the left to navigate to Blue Campaign resources for the following groups:
- Law Enforcement
- Convenience Retail Industry Professionals
- Transportation Industry Professionals
- Hospitality Industry Professionals
- Youth Caretakers and Professionals
- Student Leaders
- Faith-Based Community Leaders