U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Government Website

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Safely connect using HTTPS

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Breadcrumb

  1. Home
  2. Get Involved
  3. Blue Campaign
  4. Training
  5. Blue Campaign Consequences Training

Blue Campaign Consequences Training

Human trafficking can occur anywhere. Traffickers can be any race, ethnicity, or social status, but they prey on people in difficult situations. You are going to view a series of 4 videos and images of real cases that have occurred in the United States. Walking through these scenarios will strengthen your ability to identify the crimes of human trafficking and recognize that there are serious consequences for these crimes under the law. How well do you think you know the consequences that traffickers face? Let’s find out! Before you start, take a quick look at the federal statutes against human trafficking and the flow chart that provides a glimpse on the consequences imposed on those convicted of these heinous crimes. Make a mental note of how different human trafficking crimes might yield similar or different consequences for the trafficker. When you have finished reviewing the information below, click next to continue to the videos.

Human trafficking crimes are defined in Title 18, Chapter 77 of the United States Criminal Code and include the following: (https://www.justice.gov/crt/human-trafficking-prosecution-unit-htpu)

  • 18 U.S.C. § 1581 (Peonage)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1584 (Involuntary Servitude)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1589 (Forced Labor)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1590 (Trafficking with Respect to Peonage, Slavery, Involuntary Servitude, or Forced Labor)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1591 (Sex Trafficking of Children or by Force, Fraud, or Coercion)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1592 (Unlawful Conduct with Respect to Documents in Furtherance of Trafficking, Peonage, Slavery, Involuntary Servitude, or Forced Labor)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1593 (Mandatory Restitution)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1594 (Attempt and Forfeiture)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1595 (Private Right of Action)
  • 18 U.S.C. § 2423 (Transportation of Minors into Prostitution)

These statutes are rooted in the prohibition against slavery and involuntary servitude guaranteed by the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

Human Trafficking is a FEDERAL crime. By law, persons who commit labor or sex trafficking crimes are subject to certain penalties. Use this flowchart to learn more.

Does the person appear to be the victim of sex trafficking or labor trafficking? Choice 1: Labor Trafficking: Is the person being forced to work for little or no pay? Choice 2: Sex Trafficking: Is the person being forced to engage in sexual act for money or favors, or fearful or being threatened if he or she refuses to engage in such activity? If NO: The person may be a victim of a different crime, so contact law enforcement if you have concerns. If YES: Was the victim a minor or an adult? Minor under the age of 14: Fine and/or 15 years to life in prison. Minor over the age of 14: Fine and/or 10 years to life in prison. Adult: Fines and/or a 20 year prison term. Additionally, the perpetrator will pay restitution to the victim for the full amount of their losses as determined by the court.Does the person appear to be the victim of sex trafficking or labor trafficking? Choice 1: Labor Trafficking: Is the person being forced to work for little or no pay? Choice 2: Sex Trafficking: Is the person being forced to engage in sexual act for money or favors, or fearful or being threatened if he or she refuses to engage in such activity? If NO: The person may be a victim of a different crime, so contact law enforcement if you have concerns. If YES: Was the victim a minor or an adult? Minor under the age of 14: Fine and/or 15 years to life in prison. Minor over the age of 14: Fine and/or 10 years to life in prison. Adult: Fines and/or a 20 year prison term. Additionally, the perpetrator will pay restitution to the victim for the full amount of their losses as determined by the court.

 

 

To report suspected human trafficking to Federal law enforcement:
To get help from the National Human Trafficking Hotline:
or text HELP or INFO to
BeFree (233733)
To contact Blue Campaign:
Para reportar un posible caso de trata de personas:
Obtenga ayuda de la Línea Directa Nacional de Trata de Personas:
o enviando un mensaje de texto con HELP o INFO to
BeFree (233733)
Para contactar Blue Campaign:
Last Updated: 04/04/2022
Was this page helpful?
This page was not helpful because the content