September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month. Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men in the United States. The American Cancer Society estimates doctors will diagnose 191,930 new cases of prostate cancer this year, and one out of every nine men will suffer from prostate cancer in their lifetime.
What is Prostate Cancer?
The prostate gland is an organ in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer begins when the cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably.
Risk Factors and Symptoms
The common risk factors that may affect the risk of getting prostate cancer include:
- Age: The risk of getting prostate cancer increases as you get older.
- Race/ethnicity: African-American men are more likely to get prostate cancer.
- Family History: If you have a father or brother with prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk.
- Weight: Being overweight may increase your risk. Men with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher may have an increased risk of prostate cancer.
If you notice or experience any prostate cancer symptoms, contact your physician or health care provider right away.
Take Control of Your Prostate Health
Here are some steps you and your loved ones can take that may reduce the risk of prostate cancer:
- Talk with your doctor about options for risk reduction. Get screened for prostate cancer.
- Eat a healthy diet. Choose foods low in fat and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Get regular physical activity. Adults should perform at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity, or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity, physical activity per week, or a combination of both.
Contact your physician if you have questions about prostate cancer and before you start any new diet or exercise plan.