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countering terrorism

S&T FRG From Extremist to Terrorist

The goal of this project is to identify the characteristics of communities where persons indicted under terrorism related charges lived, planned, and prepared prior to carrying out terrorist attacks. Are there potential markers that can be identified to assist in intervention efforts before violence occurs?

S&T FRG Patterns of Intervention in Federal Terrorism Cases

America’s response to terrorism has changed dramatically over the past thirty years. Changes have included everything from the way in which terrorism is portrayed politically, to the manner in which terrorists are investigated, prosecuted, and punished.

S&T FRG Law Enforcement Efforts to Counter Violent Extremism Lessons Learned from Past Cases

Analyses of two past cases—efforts to counter eco-terrorists and violent Puerto Rican nationalists—demonstrate that law enforcement can have success in this role when agencies and individuals involved are willing and able to fully collaborate with colleagues, have access to an ongoing stream of intelligence and data, and apply innovative techniques for analyzing those data. These historical cases can provide important insights for today’s efforts to address persistent and emerging threats.

S&T FRG Disengagement Case Study: Sarah’s Story

As an adolescent, Sarah* became involved in a series of violent extremist right-wing (XRW) groups. She eventually committed to one group and was convicted for terrorist offenses. Sarah’s first exposure to the XRW scene came via a group of skinheads in high school. Sarah says that these initial groups were little more than “watered down punk rockers” mostly focused around the “style, the way of life, the music scene.”

S&T FRG Arc of Terrorist Involvement

The “Arc” model identifies critical stages in the development of the terrorist. The distinctions made in this model draw from analogies with criminal careers and are useful in the identification of potential intervention points. This model focuses on the development of terrorist group members, and although there may be points of overlap, it is not intended to explain the development of lone-actor terrorists. The model is comprised of three stages: becoming involved, engagement, and disengagement. For some, a fourth stage, re-engagement, is present.

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