For Fiscal Year 2021, the Center for Prevention Programs and Partnerships (CP3) assessed various gaps in the nation’s targeted violence and terrorism prevention capabilities. CP3 established the following FY2021 TVTP Grant Program priorities:
- Preventing Domestic Violent Extremism
- Enhancing Local Threat Assessment and Management Capabilities
- Implementing Innovative Solutions for Preventing Targeted Violence and Terrorism
- Challenging Online Violence Mobilization Narratives
University of Southern California
Threat Assessment and Management Teams
The University of Southern California will expand both its threat assessment and management training and services as well as its active shooter training program throughout the Keck Medical system. This will be accomplished through the creation of certified Threat Assessment Liaisons who are selected from key roles throughout the Keck Medical system to learn about threat assessment and management. Additionally, the Threat Assessment Liaisons and Threat Assessment Team will attend behavior-based threat assessment and targeted violence prevention training, verbal de-escalation training, and active shooter preparedness and response training. Ultimately, the University of Southern California will develop a threat assessment and active shooter prevention tool kit specific to the healthcare setting and that can be utilized by local and national healthcare systems.
The Mediation Center of The Coastal Empire, Inc
Raising Societal Awareness
The Mediation Center will develop a curriculum based on the Department of Homeland Security’s Community Awareness Briefing (CAB) and Law Enforcement Awareness Briefing (LAB), localized for contextual relevance. The Mediation Center will deliver this training to 440 local community leaders and law enforcement personnel. Participants’ knowledge and awareness of these issues will increase after training and they will be equipped to train others, building local resiliency against targeted violence, terrorism, and radicalization.
Howell Township Police Athletic League, Inc
Youth Resilience Programs
Howell Township Police Athletic League (HPAL) will implement a comprehensive program to engage youth, youth development staff, teachers, and parents to build youth resilience against engagement in violent extremist ideologies, groups and activities. This will be accomplished by providing training and programming to a core group of middle and high school youth who will serve as advocates for inclusion and adoption of community-wide anti-bias values. Key adults from within the community will also participate in trainings on identifying youth who are vulnerable to recruitment by hate groups and violent extremists, or who have radicalized to violence.
Boise State University
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical, Youth Resilience Programs Thinking Initiatives
This project brings together an interdisciplinary team of scholars from Boise State University and the Wassmuth Center for Human Rights to develop a pilot program that builds an alternate reality game (ARG) that engages users in the democratic values underlying a number of historical markers and public exhibits in the State of Idaho. Building on the existing education program at the Wassmuth Center for Human Rights, Boise State University proposes to increase local individual resilience to recruitment narratives for hate and violence-based ideologies by strengthening the human rights educational outcomes and media literacy skills among 12–25-year-olds. Boise State University will also establish a Media Literacy Reference Desk that will be accessible to public and secondary education students.
North Dakota Department of Emergency Services (NDDES)
Raising Societal Awareness, Civic Engagement, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Referral Services
The North Dakota Department of Emergency Services proposes to establish a local prevention framework across North Dakota by leveraging existing contacts within law enforcement and the public sector and training these key partners on the Department of Homeland Security’s existing LAB.
County of Los Angeles
Recidivism Reduction & Integration
The Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office proposes to establish the Reconciliation Education and Counseling Crimes of Hate Program (REACCH), an innovative public safety restorative justice probationary model. REACCH is offender-centric by focusing on counseling and anti-bias education; victim centric because it promotes victim reconciliation in a safe and controlled setting; and community centric by inviting community-based organizations to join in the development, facilitation, and implementation of an anti-bias education curriculum designed to reduce xenophobia. Ultimately, REACCH is a response to an unprecedented increase in hate crimes seen throughout the country, as well as an attempt to weave together the unparalleled tapestry of diversity in Los Angeles County.
Georgia Emergency Management and Homeland Security Agency
Raising Societal Awareness
The Georgia Emergency Management and Homeland Security Agency (GEMA/HS) will design a local prevention framework aimed at awareness, identification, and reporting of radicalized behavior. GEMA/HS will focus its efforts on training law enforcement to ultimately distribute materials and engage with community partners such as correctional facilities, schools, and civic groups. These partnerships will build transparent and trusted relations among the whole of society and ultimately reduce risk, enhance resilience, ensure information sharing, and provide requested services.
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Inc
Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking Initiatives
This project proposes a train-the-trainer professional development program for Volusia county’s secondary school educators to co-opt pedagogical tools and methods that challenge online violence mobilization narratives, increase awareness of violent extremist messaging and recruiting, and increase the capabilities of targeted populations to resist and counter messaging. Participants of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s train-the-trainer seminars will identify problematic online and media messages that could lead to radicalization to violent extremism, critically evaluate the problematic assumptions, data, or logic of those messages, and develop pedagogical strategies for teaching their own students to recognize and critically evaluate those messages.
Global Peace Foundation
Raising Societal Awareness
The Global Peace Foundation (GPF) will provide a series of in-person and digital train-the-trainer sessions community and faith leaders in Prince George’s County, Maryland on recognizing risk factors for radicalization to violence. On a larger scale, GPF will conduct outreach and engagement through existing relationships and social media to run a state-wide awareness campaign on the prevalence of this threat. The project builds on an extensive network of stakeholders and experience implementing similar projects to achieve local interest and capacity to prevent targeted violence and terrorism.
Upland Police Department
Raising Societal Awareness, Threat Assessment and Management Teams
This project aims to provide police officers, public safety dispatchers, and public safety employees with an overview and understanding of domestic violent extremist groups. The eight-hour course will be accessible by California’s 100,000 + police officers and 6,500 dispatchers and has a goal of initially reaching 1,350 students. This course is designed for members of the public safety community to have a basic understanding of the history of violent domestic extremism, why it is a growing movement, and to recognize common tactics used when they are in contact with law enforcement.
Counter Extremism Project
Recidivism Reduction & Integration
The Counter Extremism Project (CEP) aims to establish “The Radicalization, Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Recidivism Network” by constructing a national ecosystem of at least 150 multiagency and multisectoral stakeholders to facilitate a whole-of-society approach to extremist offender reintegration and recidivism reduction in the U.S. To do so, the Counter Extremism Project (CEP), will assemble key stakeholders involved in the extremist offender reintegration and recidivism reduction arena, enhance knowledge of best practices, connect professional practitioners with expertise in deradicalization-oriented programming, and establish a sustainable community of practice with cross-cutting relationships.
Michigan State Police Emergency Management & Homeland Security
Threat Assessment and Management Teams
The Michigan State Police (MSP) Michigan Intelligence Operations Center (MIOC) will implement a statewide Fusion Liaison Officer program to provide training for law enforcement, first responders and private sector partners across the state and to enhance awareness and strengthen collaboration and information sharing. Additionally, Michigan State Police will establish a regional and multi-disciplinary threat assessment team to identify, assess, implement, and manage intervention and support strategies for individuals mobilizing to violence.
Music in Common
Youth Resilience Programs
Music in Common’s Black Legacy Project aims to prevent targeted violence and terrorism by promoting social cohesion and integration through meaningful dialogue and sustained partnership between Americans across religious, cultural, ethnic, socioeconomic, gender, and sexual orientation backgrounds and identities. The Black Legacy Project is an innovative musical collaboration that strengthens resistance to violent extremism by fusing music, multimedia, conflict transformation, and person to person dialogue and collaboration to foster a multi-generational exchange of perspectives. Throughout the project, participants will reimagine songs central to and centered around the Black American experience, write new songs that speak to modern day issues connected to racism, conduct live release events to share collaborative songs with the public, and hold virtual roundtables to discuss the impact of the program.
Middlebury’s Center on Terrorism, Extremism and Counterterrorism (CTEC) in collaboration with iThrive Games Foundation
Youth Resilience Programs, Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Type, Civic Engagement Thinking Initiatives
This joint project from the Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism and iThrive Games Foundation aims to create a novel, game-based curriculum that educates and empowers adolescents to become more aware and more resistant to radicalization, thus building resilience within their local networks. In addition, this project will build capacity at the high school and district level for P/CVE program administration.
Search for Common Ground
Raising Social Awareness, Civic Engagement, Youth Resilience Programs, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
In Tarrant County, Texas., the STAR team will support religious leaders and other key stakeholders across civil society and government to collaboratively design and implement an evidence-based, whole-of-society local prevention framework. The STAR team will equip county leaders and residents to address violence by raising societal awareness, launching community-led initiatives, developing threat assessment and management teams, and supporting bystanders to prevent violence in Tarrant County.
District of Columbia Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency
Raising Societal Awareness, Threat Assessment and Management Teams
The District of Columbia Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency will launch the Targeted Violence Prevention Center to proactively engage communities as trusted partners and increase communications addressing mobilization to violence by educating community members on risks and protective factors of violence. The Targeted Violence Prevention Center will unify violence prevention efforts and convene stakeholders engaged in threat assessments to automate reporting between different agencies, optimize case management, and record-keeping. The project will continue to expand its Mobilization to Violence Awareness Training to enhance the ability of local law enforcement, faith-based institutions, schools, and higher education institutions to recognize and report concerning behavior before it escalates to violence.
Los Angeles Police Department
Raising Societal Awareness, Threat Assessment and Management, Bystander Training Teams, Referral Services
The program seeks to utilize risk assessment to identify and assess prospective individuals, address their specific needs, link them to appropriate services across agencies and community resources, as well as follow up contacts to determine if the interventions have reduced the risk of their reactivation on a trajectory or pathway to violence. Related training will support the objectives of a comprehensive approach to (1) raising awareness of radicalization to violence and (2) ensuring that targeted members of the Los Angeles region have the ability to act on their awareness training by knowing how to contact, and understand the role of, threat assessment and management teams.
Case Western Reserve University
Raising Social Awareness, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
The goals of this project are: (1) to increase societal awareness of risk factors and indicators of radicalization and targeted violence in small to midsize rural and suburban communities; (2) leverage innovative partnerships to address gaps in detection, reporting, and intervention of suspicious behavior; and (3) assess community capabilities and resources to identify opportunities to facilitate development of threat assessment and management services focused on potential extremism and radicalization To achieve those goals, this project establishes an interconnected continuum of processes and relationships anchored by the creation of a Regional Violent Extremism Specialist position at the Northeast Ohio Regional Fusion Center (NEORFC) and leveraging the unique partnership between the Case Western University Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education and the NEORFC.
Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
Raising Societal Awareness, Civic Engagement, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
To establish, expand, and enhance local targeted violence and terrorism prevention frameworks in Virginia through enhanced communication with and training for the broader community as well as development of community behavioral threat assessment management teams and training for law enforcement and citizens.
City of Houston Mayor's Office of Public Safety and Homeland Security (MOPSHS)
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking, Civic Engagement, Youth Resilience Programs, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
The City of Houston will use this grant to reengage our community partners to form a coalition that will share information, assess threats, and be a resource to the community. The City will work with the Texas Educational Service Center to develop a curriculum to educate students about radicalization to violence, media literacy, and bias. These same programs will be changed for the after-school context at community centers and places where teens gather. Then the project team will create an outreach program for teachers and parents—using a whole of-society approach—informing them of what to do when they see radicalization happening. These efforts will be integrated with other prevention programs already underway in our city.
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking Initiatives, Civic Engagement, Youth Resilience Programs
Tuesday’s Children will enhance local and regional prevention frameworks by building resilience, common bonds and long-term healing in families and communities impacted by and at risk for radicalization to terrorism and targeted violence. To accomplish this, Tuesday’s Children will leverage an evidence-based Long-Term Healing Model, TuesdaysChildrenHeals.org online toolkit for community resilience, and the peacebuilding initiative “Project COMMON BOND” to promote peer-to-peer support. amplify survivor narratives and share best practices and lessons learned in community-based disaster preparedness, response and recovery. This project will also build the capacity of community and civic leaders, service providers, public and private sector stakeholders, academic institutions, volunteers and activists to prepare resilient responses to mass-scale and targeted violence, including mass shootings and domestic terrorism. Additionally, a combination of professional forums, speaker series, train-the-trainer sessions, virtual programming, public education campaigns, and conflict resolution programming for youth will enhance critical thinking and civic engagement among communities at-risk for and recovering from terrorism and targeted violence.
The University of Texas at El Paso
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking Initiatives, Civic Engagement, Youth Resilience Programs, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Referral Services
The University of Texas at El Paso proposes to prevent terrorism and targeted violence through education, outreach, and community capacity building aimed at identifying and deterring radicalization, reducing the short-term and long-term impacts of violence, and preventing its re-occurrence of terrorism. This project includes a Targeted Violence and Terrorism Prevention (TVTP) Symposium Series, capacity building trainings for professionals and community members, a Peer2Peer educator program, a youth leadership program, town hall meetings, a civic engagement day, media campaigns, implementation of a referral services system, and health promotion fairs.
The Regents of the University of Colorado
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking Initiatives, Civic Engagement, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training, Referral Services
The University of Colorado Boulder’s (CU) Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV) will partner with the university’s police department (CUPD) to strengthen the local framework for preventing targeted violence and terrorism on campus and in the community. The project will reduce risk and enhance protective factors for targeted violence and radicalization to terrorism by educating and empowering citizens to report concerns (e.g., training, social media) and by building the local capacity to address those concerns through investigation, threat assessment, and threat management. The five main goals for the project include: (1) enhancing community awareness of warning signs; (2) enhancing community engagement in violence prevention; (3) increasing awareness of and training on bystander reporting and response; (4) enhancing threat assessment and management capabilities; and (5) developing and implementing two strategies to support threat identification, referral, and case management.
University of Hawaii
Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
The University of Hawaii, West Oʻahu intends to create and build Behavior Intervention and Threat Assessment Teams (BITATs) and a bystander intervention program designed specifically for the needs of the diverse population, culture and environment of Hawaii. Additionally, training programs, ongoing collaboration, networking with other teams, and programming to help encourage the community to safely intervene, when necessary, will build a “spider’s web” of threat assessment and capacity that stretches across the state. Building, strengthening and supporting BITATs within schools, along with localized bystander intervention programming that promotes the sharing of information and positive intervention within the community, will serve as the basis for the catalyst that propels the state threat assessment efforts forward.
Jeffco Deangelis Foundation
Raising Societal Awareness, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training
The Frank DeAngelis Center for Community Safety will partner with Nicoletti Flater Associates to bring violence prevention training and consultation to the state of Colorado. This project proposes to provide awareness training to professionals and community members of the risk factors for and the protective factors against radicalization to violence. Additionally, the Frank DeAngelis Center for Community Safety will train professionals and community members who serve as the most likely detectors and disruptors on developing multi-disciplinary threat assessment and management teams and provide education on the variety of community resources available for addressing risk factors.
Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office
Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training, Referral Services, Recidivism Reduction & Reintegration
The Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Office (PBSO), in partnership with Southeast Florida Behavioral Health Network (SEFBHN) and 211 HELPLINE, proposes to expand the Palm Beach County School and Community Violence Prevention Project (PBC Project). The PBC Project is a direct response to the rising rate of school and community mass violence incidents through which a formalized task force has been established; enhanced collaboration among criminal justice, behavioral health, school district, and other, essential community stakeholders has been realized; increased access to critical community resources has been provided; and opportunities for community awareness around identification of persons at risk have increased. This project will increase the PBC Project’s current capacity by expanding threat assessment capabilities, incorporating bystander training, fortifying referral services, and increasing access to recidivism reduction programs.
The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois - Chicago
Raising Societal Awareness, Youth Resilience Programs, Threat Assessment and Management Teams, Bystander Training, Recidivism Reduction & Reintegration
The University of Illinois at Chicago’s program focuses on reducing the risk for future violence for youth and young adults who are either convicted of crimes related to TVT, at- risk for involvement in TVT, or vulnerable to involvement due in part to mental health or psychosocial problems. It does so through engaging mental health and psychosocial specialists, other frontline practitioners, and lay adult and youth gatekeepers. This project entails; 1) training & capacity building for mental health and psychosocial specialists, other frontline practitioners, and organizational leaders in TVT prevention and care; 2) implementing the CARE bystander engagement intervention, and; 3) mobilizing youth and caregivers to strengthen protective factors in youth. These projects will ultimately contribute to a public health framework for targeted violence and terrorism prevention in Illinois.
California Bay Area Urban Area Security Initiative
Raising Societal Awareness, Media Literacy and Online Critical Thinking Initiatives, Threat Assessment and Management Teams
The Bay Area Urban Areas Security Initiative (Bay Area UASI) assists high threat urban areas to prevent terrorism and build community resilience. The Bay Area UASI seeks to expand current FY20 projects to additional high schools, faith-based organizations, and counties, and to expand local targeted violence and terrorism prevention frameworks by broadening services to whole community stakeholders, while adding new and innovative strategies. In doing so, the Bay Area UASI will strive to raise awareness of threats and prevention strategies, provide lines of communication to report what is observed, help communities and threat assessment teams effectively assess information received, and connect those at risk with resources to mitigate their current situation.
Missouri State University
Civic Engagement, Youth Resiliency Programs
Missouri State University will implement Fuse, a comprehensive campaign that prevents and protects against radicalization to white supremacist violent extremism through education, bystander empowerment, and community support. Fuse aims to strengthen protective factors again radicalization to violence through an informational podcast, an online training toolkit, and a conversational card game. These initiatives encourage university students to engage in meaningful conversations on difficult topics and form connections with peers. Fuse counters the “Us vs. Them” mentality by providing tools for individuals to identify and minimize their biases and raise awareness of “othering” tendencies. Additionally, online and in-person training resources will build protective measures like digital literacy and provide tools for parents, peers, and mentors of at-risk individuals to become informed and engaged bystanders.
Cure Violence Global
This project will interrupt violence in the Pacific Northwest with a focus on Portland, Oregon. The project aims to prevent violence from both far left and far right extremist populations, combining Cure Violence Global’s (CVG) “epidemic playbook” with sophisticated and targeted data analytics. The approach is based on CVG’s proven health approach to violence prevention. The project includes a suite of online and offline activities and will work with community leaders and credible messengers in Portland and in at-risk exurban areas in the Pacific Northwest to increase understanding of the contagious nature of violence and radicalization to violence, enhance community resilience to radicalization to violence, decrease violent extremist recruitment, mitigate the spread of violence, and establish a sustainable local prevention framework that is scalable and replicable.
Arizona State University – McCain Institute
Parents must understand the threat of targeted violence and terrorism and know where to turn for help for their youth. To meet this need, this project will build a campaign site that educates parents, caregivers, and concerned adults on how the internet can be used to target and recruit youth into extremist movements and empower them to protect their children from harmful content. The program will amplify access to a directory of vetted service providers so that concerned adults may connect individuals with risk factors to local resources. Arizona State University’s McCain Institute is also an FY20 grantee whose current program seeks to develop a nationwide network of prevention practitioners. Their FY21 application is appropriately distinct from their FY20 program, while building on the foundation that that program has established.
Boston Children’s Hospital
The primary goal of this project is to build capacity of mental health practitioners (MHPs) to assess and manage risk for targeted violence and terrorism in collaboration with local multidisciplinary threat assessment teams through: (1) the development of a clinically useful risk assessment/management tool; and (2) tool training and consultation for community-based MHPs across the country, in collaboration with the DHS-funded McCain Institute’s Prevention Practitioners Network. This initiative will (1) develop a semi-structured, patient-centered approach to assessing strengths/needs; (2) offer concrete guidance on modifications to the assessment based on age, gender, and cultural background; (3) directly link assessment results to treatment planning and intervention; and (4) build in a systematic re-evaluation process for managing and responding to risk that is informed by an evidence-based treatment framework. Boston Children’s Hospital is also an FY20 grantee whose FY20 program aims to develop a local prevention framework in Massachusetts that targets the reduction of mental health problems and an increase in social belongingness among adolescents. Their FY21 application is reasonably distinct from this program.
Life After Hate
White supremacist prison gangs are the fastest-growing segment of the white supremacist movement in the U.S. and directly threaten the Department of Homeland Security’s goal to prevent targeted violence and terrorism. This applicant seeks to define the foundational elements of a successful local prevention framework that would provide comprehensive support for these individuals. Proposed project includes: enhanced outreach to build awareness of available pre- and post-release support available in correctional facilities; implementing risk assessments to create tailored release plans for individuals with risk factors for violent white supremacist extremism targeted violence and terrorism; providing direct pre- and post-release support to these individuals looking to disengage and/or de-radicalize; and conducting a pioneering local prevention framework training to enhance local capacity to identify and respond to individuals at risk of mobilizing to violence. Life After Hate is also an FY20 grantee whose FY20 program seeks to provide intervention and aftercare services for individuals with risk factors for violent white supremacy and for individuals seeking disengagement, de-radicalization and re-integration assistance from this ideology. Life After Hate’s FY20 program does not work with prison populations and as such their FY21 application is reasonably distinct from their FY20 program.
Teachers College, Columbia University
Project addresses the gap in professional development for high school and college educators in countering biases as a method to mitigate risks and amplify protective factors against targeted violence and the radicalization of students in U.S. classrooms. Project aims to (1) better understand which risk and protective factors increase or mitigate a student’s pathway to radicalization and targeted violence; (2) inform how educators can accelerate or arrest radicalization; and (3) improve ways of countering biased behaviors and speech in educational institutions as a protective strategy against the radicalization of students. Applicants propose to demonstrate how non-inclusive pedagogies and curricula can instigate educational displacement, isolation, and othering. The team will launch a multi-module professional training program for educators to help prevent and interrupt radicalization in U.S. schools.
University of Nebraska, Omaha, NCITE
Program proposes multi-pronged approach to improve terrorism and targeted violence (TTV) tips reporting. Program will combine real-world online tips reporting data in Sarpy County, Nebraska, focus groups with threat assessment team members locally, regionally, and nationally, and lab-based studies to understand gaps in the current TTV tips reporting framework. The proposed innovation project will then create and test an intelligent chatbot for TTV tips reporting that can be used either as a stand-alone tool or be integrated into existing tips reporting platforms.
One World Strong Foundation
Program will create the One World Online Resilience Center (OWORC) which will serve as a one-stop shop for local terrorism prevention and victim services. One World will use its existing resources and those provided by partner organizations to create this online support ecosystem that features terrorism prevention materials, terrorism victims’ services, and shareable content from survivors and former extremists that will bolster resilience among local communities and undermine domestic violent extremist (DVE) narratives. One World will create a virtual repository of terrorism prevention resources for stakeholders and assess the effectiveness of counter-messaging content featuring the perspectives of terrorist attack survivors and former extremists. Platform will bring together victim services and terrorism prevention resources with an emphasis on local prevention.
Citizens Crime Commission of New York City
Citizens Crime Commission’s “Signals” project aims to reach these isolated individuals who are at risk of radicalization to violence with effective, tailored online outreach that offers online and offline resources to disengage from extremist content through long-term, sustained behavioral change. The uniqueness of the Signals project is threefold. First, Citizens Crime Commission will use carefully tailored online ads that appeal to the psychosocial drivers behind mobilization to violence that are geographically concentrated in areas of need, as determined by publicly available, per-capita concentration of at-risk search traffic. Second, the program will reach individuals seeking help for loved ones online and equip them with appropriate online and offline resources. Third, the program will utilize data on online search traffic to develop accompanying on the ground outreach campaigns, capacity building, and trainings for mental health workers.
Additional resources can be found on the OTVTP FY21 Grants Resources page.