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Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP)

Los Protocolos de Protección a Migrantes

Los Protocolos de Protección a Migrantes [Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP)] constituyen una acción gubernamental de los Estados Unidos [U.S. Government (USG)] mediante la cual los ciudadanos y nacionales de países aparte de México, que llegan a los Estados Unidos por tierra desde México -- sea o no sea a través de un puerto de entrada -- podrían ser devueltos a México de conformidad con la Sección 235(b)(2)(C) de la Ley de Inmigración y Nacionalidad [Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)] mientras sus procedimientos de remoción se encuentren pendientes en los Estados Unidos bajo la Sección 240 de la INA.

Department of Homeland Security and Department of Justice Announce Plan to Restart MPP Hearings

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) remain committed to resuming removal hearings for aliens subject to the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) as expeditiously as possible. To lend greater certainty in a fluid COVID-19 environment, DHS has maintained close contact with the Department of State (DOS) and the Government of Mexico (GOM) and worked with DOJ to identify public health criteria to determine when hearings may resume swiftly and safely.

Metrics and Measures

The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) are a U.S. Government (USG) action whereby citizens and nationals of countries other than Mexico arriving in the United States by land from Mexico -- whether or not at a point of entry -- may be returned to Mexico pursuant to Section 235(b)(2)(C) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) while their U.S. removal proceedings are pending under Section 240 of the INA. MPP is a core component of the USG’s efforts to address the migration crisis along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Joint DHS/EOIR Statement on MPP Rescheduling

The Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Homeland Security (DHS) remain committed to proceeding with Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) hearings as expeditiously as possible. The Departments have been in ongoing discussions about the timing for the resumption of hearings in light of the continuing emergency health conditions in the United States, in Mexico, and in the international community, as many countries continue to be significantly impacted by COVID-19. As a result of this ongoing review of conditions, and in conjunction with continued implementation of health officials’ COVID-19 guidance, DHS and DOJ are postponing both MPP hearings and in-person document service through, and including, July 17, 2020.

Joint DHS/EOIR Statement on the Rescheduling of MPP Hearings

The Departments of Justice and Homeland Security continue to take necessary measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 by limiting in-person interaction. To this end, the Departments have made the following adjustments to the temporary postponement of Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) hearings.

Joint DHS/EOIR Statement on MPP Rescheduling

The Departments of Justice and Homeland Security have extended the temporary postponement of Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP). Hearings scheduled through, and including, June 1, 2020, will be rescheduled. 

Migrant Protection Protocols

Migrant Protection Protocols

MPP is a part of DHS’s comprehensive approach to manage illegal migration, in connection with regional partners, by streamlining U.S. removal proceedings.

Joint DHS/EOIR Statement on MPP Rescheduling

Due to continued circumstances related to COVID-19 and newly-issued guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security have determined to extend the temporary postponement of Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) hearings scheduled through Friday, May 1, 2020.

Joint Statement on MPP Rescheduling

Due to circumstances resulting from COVID-19, all Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP) master calendar and merit hearings presently scheduled through April 22 will be rescheduled. Neither the MPP program nor any hearings will be cancelled.

Migrant Protection Protocols

The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) are a U.S. Government action whereby certain foreign individuals entering or seeking admission to the U.S. from Mexico – illegally or without proper documentation – may be returned to Mexico and wait outside of the U.S. for the duration of their immigration proceedings, where Mexico will provide them with all appropriate humanitarian protections for the duration of their stay. 

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