Part of CBP’s mission is to facilitate legitimate international trade. NII furthers this mission by providing technologies to inspect and screen conveyances or cars, trucks, railcars, sea containers, as well as personal luggage, packages, parcels, and flat mail through either x-ray or gamma-ray imaging systems.
CBP Officers use NII systems to help them effectively and efficiently detect and prevent contraband, including drugs, unreported currency, guns, ammunition, and other illegal merchandise, as well as inadmissible persons, from being smuggled into the United States, while having a minimal impact on the flow of legitimate travel and commerce.
The imaging system used on the conveyance itself collects photographic and other images that may contain PII such as vehicle identifiers (e.g., license plate numbers). CBP conducted this PIA because NII systems use information technology to collect, maintain, and disseminate PII in the form of scanned, photographic, or video images. However, NII cannot retrieve the PII by personal identifier (e.g., name); therefore use of NII does not require CBP to conduct a system of records notice pursuant to the Privacy Act of 1974.