The Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) supports the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) terrorism prevention mission by conducting applied research, evaluation, and integrating scientifically derived knowledge to inform policy and programs throughout the Homeland Security Enterprise.
What terrorism prevention resources does S&T offer?
In conjunction with the Office of Terrorism Prevention Partnerships, S&T develops wide-ranging resources for government and local partners to (a) support our understanding of individual motives for engaging in, and disengaging from violent extremism, (b) develop and assist locally-tailored interventions with local partners, and (c) evaluate the effectiveness of terrorism prevention activities and policies.
- Research products
Wide ranging evidence-based products from projects designed to build foundational knowledge of the nature of the threat, and effective responses.
- Fact sheets
Provide key information about issues relevant to terrorism prevention for government, law enforcement, local communities, stakeholders, international partners and more.
Rigorous evaluations of terrorism prevention programs and policies across the Homeland Security Enterprise using behavioral and social science methodologies.
S&T also transitions, to the public, data tools that provide insights into violent extremism. These resources focus on three areas:
S&T Develops Terrorism Prevention Research Findings Dashboard
Sept. 28, 2018 -- To counter the continually growing and changing threat of violent extremism, DHS S&T has developed a free and publicly accessible research findings dashboard that hosts more than 1,500 cataloged terrorism prevention and countering violent extremism research documents. This dashboard is an agile, multi‑disciplinary knowledge‑based capability that helps to systematically develop a landscape of the existing research in this topic area across multiple disciplines, including social and behavioral science.
S&T Develops the First Line of Defense Against Acts of Targeted Violence
Aug. 28, 2018 -- Since 2010, the U.S. government has invested more than $20 million into understanding all forms of radicalization to violence, as well as effective prevention and intervention measures. Federal agencies such as the DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) are at the forefront of this work.
S&T has partnered with leading research organizations and funded several products. Many of them are available now on our terrorism prevention resources, and more will be posted as they become available.
- Improvements, Updates, and Support for the TEVUS Portal: Final Report (2018)
The Terrorism and Extremist Violence in the United States (TEVUS) Database addresses the lack of publically available, reliable data about the incidents of terrorism and violent extremism in the United States by bringing together four open-source data sets developed by START and affiliated consortium researchers.
- Countering Violent Extremism -- Developing a Research Roadmap: Literature Review (2016)
As the threat of violent extremism in the United States continues to grow and change, DHS S&T, which serves as the primary source of scientific expertise for DHS, has strengthened its resolve to develop an agile, multidisciplinary, knowledge-based capability to counter this threat.
- Countering Violent Extremism -- Developing a Research Roadmap Stakeholder Recruitment and Engagement Plan (2015)
In furtherance of its mission to conduct evidence-based research to meet policy, operational, and public needs in order to save lives, reduce property losses, and enhance community resilience in the face of rapidly changing threats of extremist violence in the United States, DHS S&T developed a countering violent extremism framework.
- Leveraging a Targeted Violence Prevention Program to Prevent Violent Extremism: A Formative Evaluation in Los Angeles (2018)
This report represents the results of a formative evaluation conducted from December 2015 to November 2016. The data and results reflect what was learned during that time period and are not intended to represent the status of subsequent efforts in Los Angeles.
- Countering Violent Extremism: The Application of Risk Assessment Tools in the Criminal Justice and Rehabilitation Process Literature Review (2018)
Creating tools designed to identify early signs of radicalization and to assess individuals for successful completion of diversion and rehabilitation programs is an inherently complex and multifaceted process that has the potential for major positive impacts on security while also presenting a number of concerns.
- Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) -- Developing a Research Roadmap (2017)
In furtherance of its mission to conduct evidence-based research to inform policy recommendations, operational requirements, and public safety needs the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) has developed a countering violent extremism (CVE) framework (the Framework).
- International Expert Engagement and Analysis of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Evaluations (2017)
The goal of the current effort, International Expert Engagement and Analysis of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Evaluations, is to contribute to the development and implementation of the Framework by collecting information about the current state of international CVE program evaluations, including identifying transferrable best practices and documenting gaps.
- Evaluation of the Greater Boston Countering Violent Extremism Pilot Program Project Report (2016)
On October 1, 2015, the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health started the project entitled “Evaluation of the Greater Boston Countering Violent Extremism Pilot Program,” sponsored by DHS Science and Technology Directorate, under the funding opportunity 2015-ST-108-FRG005 entitled “Program Evaluation of the 'Three Cities' Counter Violent Extremism Initiatives.”
Many of them are available now on our terrorism prevention resources, and more will be posted as they become available.
Understanding Engagement in Violent Extremism
Operational Research Roadmap
Engage stakeholders to understand how organizations:
- Define their terrorism prevention mission
- Decide what actions to undertake
- Interact with other stakeholders
International Expert Engagement
Engage international experts to share terrorism prevention best practices and to guide the development and implementation of safe and effective programs. Domestic government agencies and law enforcement organizations from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States have agreed to exchange information and coordinate applied research efforts under the framework of the Five Country Research & Development Network (5RD) .
Developing Local Terrorism Prevention Capabilities
Risk Assessment Tools to Support Secondary and Tertiary Interventions of Violent Extremism
Engaging stakeholders to understand whether and how individual risk assessments are currently performed, perceptions of such tools, and recommendations for the creation and implementation of successful individual assessment tools.
Text-Enabled Safe Referral Call Center Protocols & Evaluation
S&T is filling a gap by funding the creation of protocols for safe-referral systems for friends, family, and other influencers to connect individuals with social service resources. Through coordination from the Office for Terrorism Prevention Partnerships (OTPP), S&T performers have identified a domestic crisis hotline center to partner with for pilot testing of the protocols.
Evaluating Terrorism Prevention Programs and Interventions
Program Evaluations in Boston and Los Angeles
Program evaluations in cities with terrorism prevention programs aim to increase understanding of needs, awareness of community-based interventions for reducing violent extremism, and the understanding of metrics to determine the impact of the program. Findings on scalability and sustainability will be delivered to:
- Social and community service agencies
- National policymakers