Natural disasters are a significant cause of fatalities and economic loss in the United States, with recovery as the most expensive and time-consuming phase of disaster management. To improve disaster response, communities need access to new technologies that streamline and optimize disaster recovery operations and assistance programs. At the same time, state and local governments need to reduce the time necessary to restore critical functions, enable community lifelines, and most importantly, help survivors get back to their daily lives.
The Science and Technology Directorate’s (S&T's) Community and Infrastructure Resilience Program (C&IR) began the Disaster Recovery project to develop new processes, products, and standards that will improve operations and outcomes within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and its state, local, tribal, and territorial partners. These activities will promote national preparedness objectives and protective measures, help communities prepare for catastrophic disasters, and reduce the complexity of FEMA’s grant programs.
The Disaster Recovery project seeks to improve management and mitigation of the negative effects of natural disasters. Efforts will include accelerating the time it takes to receive recovery aid and streamlining individual and household assistance programs to affected communities by expediting delivery of assistance directly to disaster survivors in critical need. In addition, tracking and monitoring rebuild and restoration functions through improved damage assessments and faster decision making will help to speed and simplify recovery efforts.
Disaster Recovery Current Activities
- Advanced Circulation Storm Surge Model
- Datacasting - Broadcasting Real-time Video and Critical Data
- Development of a Hydrogen Fuel-based Disaster Response Vehicle
- Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER)
- First Aid for Severe Trauma
- Modeling Emergency Equipment Placement in Public Spaces
- NATO Next generation Incident command system pilot project
- Radiological/Nuclear Response and Recovery Research and Development
- Response and Defeat Operations Support (REDOPS)
- S&T Standards Protecting the Nations Against White Powder Attacks