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Homeland Security

Plum Island Animal Disease Center

Plum Island Animal Disease Center
Plum Island Animal Disease Center

Location: Orient Point, NY

Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) is the only laboratory in the nation that can work on high-consequence, live foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Since 1954, it has served as the nation’s premier defense against accidental or intentional introduction of FADs including FMD. The lab and its staff of nearly 400 employees provide a host of high-impact, indispensable capabilities, including diagnostics, training, bioforensics, and vaccine licensing, among others.

PIADC’s Work Protects Our Agricultural and Food Industries

PIADC scientists, the facilities they use, and the work they conduct on FMD is essential to our agricultural and food industries. FMD is a viral infection of cloven-footed domesticated animals, which include cows and other U.S. livestock. Taken together, these industries contribute more than $1.5 trillion to the U.S. economy per year and represent one-sixth of our gross national product. The results of an FMD outbreak would have widespread economic consequences that negatively affect:

  • 22 million U.S. jobs
  • 2.2 million farms
  • 970,000 restaurant food service locations
  • 210,000 traditional food stores
  • 34,000 food and beverage manufacturing facilities
  • 1,800 slaughtering and processing establishments

PIADC’s Strong Partnerships Promote Foreign Animal Disease Prevention and Containment

With ONL’s stewardship, PIADC provides oversight, technical expertise, coordination, and facilitation for DHS agricultural defense programs with other agencies. Through its co-located partnership with USDA, PIADC provides a safe, secure, and compliant environment to execute mission-specific objectives. Through PIADC, ARS conducts research and develops means to prevent, control, and recover from outbreaks of FMD and other diseases like African swine fever. APHIS uses PIADC facilities to conduct training for international, federal, and state veterinarians who function as first responders in the event of an outbreak. APHIS provides the nation with diagnostic services for high threat FADs and also serves as a critical resource for surge capabilities by helping maintain the North American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Vaccine Bank for use in an FMD outbreak in the U.S., Mexico, and Canada.

Since 2002, DHS has worked in partnership with the USDA at Plum Island to develop new vaccines and diagnostic tests to respond to and control outbreaks. DHS is responsible for operation of the laboratory, and the DHS PIADC science program partners with USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in vaccine and diagnostic development.

Did You Know?

In 2012, PIADC scientists developed and licensed the first FMD vaccine that does not contain a live FMD virus. This means that for the first time an FMD vaccine can be manufactured on the U.S. mainland. PIADC’s groundbreaking innovation promotes better biosecurity, efficiency, and rapid response capability. PIADC established 10 CRADAs with industry supporting R&D of new FAD vaccines and diagnostics.


By mail:
Plum Island Animal Disease Center
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
P.O. Box 848
Greenport, N.Y. 11944

By e-mail:

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